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Review and Prospect of Crypto Economy-Development and Evolution of Consensus Mechanism (2)

Review and Prospect of Crypto Economy-Development and Evolution of Consensus Mechanism (2)

https://preview.redd.it/a51zsja94db51.png?width=567&format=png&auto=webp&s=99e8080c9e9b1fb5e11cbd70f915f9cb37188f81
Foreword
The consensus mechanism is one of the important elements of the blockchain and the core rule of the normal operation of the distributed ledger. It is mainly used to solve the trust problem between people and determine who is responsible for generating new blocks and maintaining the effective unification of the system in the blockchain system. Thus, it has become an everlasting research hot topic in blockchain.
This article starts with the concept and role of the consensus mechanism. First, it enables the reader to have a preliminary understanding of the consensus mechanism as a whole; then starting with the two armies and the Byzantine general problem, the evolution of the consensus mechanism is introduced in the order of the time when the consensus mechanism is proposed; Then, it briefly introduces the current mainstream consensus mechanism from three aspects of concept, working principle and representative project, and compares the advantages and disadvantages of the mainstream consensus mechanism; finally, it gives suggestions on how to choose a consensus mechanism for blockchain projects and pointed out the possibility of the future development of the consensus mechanism.
Contents
First, concept and function of the consensus mechanism
1.1 Concept: The core rules for the normal operation of distributed ledgers
1.2 Role: Solve the trust problem and decide the generation and maintenance of new blocks
1.2.1 Used to solve the trust problem between people
1.2.2 Used to decide who is responsible for generating new blocks and maintaining effective unity in the blockchain system
1.3 Mainstream model of consensus algorithm
Second, the origin of the consensus mechanism
2.1 The two armies and the Byzantine generals
2.1.1 The two armies problem
2.1.2 The Byzantine generals problem
2.2 Development history of consensus mechanism
2.2.1 Classification of consensus mechanism
2.2.2 Development frontier of consensus mechanism
Third, Common Consensus System
Fourth, Selection of consensus mechanism and summary of current situation
4.1 How to choose a consensus mechanism that suits you
4.1.1 Determine whether the final result is important
4.1.2 Determine how fast the application process needs to be
4.1.2 Determining the degree to which the application requires for decentralization
4.1.3 Determine whether the system can be terminated
4.1.4 Select a suitable consensus algorithm after weighing the advantages and disadvantages
4.2 Future development of consensus mechanism
Last lecture review: Chapter 1 Concept and Function of Consensus Mechanism plus Chapter 2 Origin of Consensus Mechanism
Chapter 3 Common Consensus Mechanisms (Part 1)
Figure 6 Summary of relatively mainstream consensus mechanisms
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https://preview.redd.it/9r7q3xra4db51.png?width=567&format=png&auto=webp&s=bae5554a596feaac948fae22dffafee98c4318a7
Source: Hasib Anwar, "Consensus Algorithms: The Root Of The Blockchain Technology"
The picture above shows 14 relatively mainstream consensus mechanisms summarized by a geek Hasib Anwar, including PoW (Proof of Work), PoS (Proof of Stake), DPoS (Delegated Proof of Stake), LPoS (Lease Proof of Stake), PoET ( Proof of Elapsed Time), PBFT (Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance), SBFT (Simple Byzantine Fault Tolerance), DBFT (Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance), DAG (Directed Acyclic Graph), Proof-of-Activity (Proof of Activity), Proof-of- Importance (Proof of Importance), Proof-of-Capacity (Proof of Capacity), Proof-of-Burn ( Proof of Burn), Proof-of-Weight (Proof of Weight).
Next, we will mainly introduce and analyze the top ten consensus mechanisms of the current blockchain.
》POW
-Concept:
Work proof mechanism. That is, the proof of work means that it takes a certain amount of computer time to confirm the work.
-Principle:
Figure 7 PoW work proof principle
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https://preview.redd.it/xupacdfc4db51.png?width=554&format=png&auto=webp&s=3b6994641f5890804d93dfed9ecfd29308c8e0cc
The PoW represented by Bitcoin uses the SHA-256 algorithm function, which is a 256-bit hash algorithm in the password hash function family:
Proof of work output = SHA256 (SHA256 (block header));
if (output of proof of work if (output of proof of work >= target value), change the random number, recursive i logic, continue to compare with the target value.
New difficulty value = old difficulty value* (time spent by last 2016 blocks /20160 minutes)
Target value = maximum target value / difficulty value
The maximum target value is a fixed number. If the last 2016 blocks took less than 20160 minutes, then this coefficient will be small, and the target value will be adjusted bigger, if not, the target value will be adjusted smaller. Bitcoin mining difficulty and block generation speed will be inversely proportional to the appropriate adjustment of block generation speed.
-Representative applications: BTC, etc.
》POS
-Concept:
Proof of stake. That is, a mechanism for reaching consensus based on the holding currency. The longer the currency is held, the greater the probability of getting a reward.
-Principle:
PoS implementation algorithm formula: hash(block_header) = Coin age calculation formula: coinage = number of coins * remaining usage time of coins
Among them, coinage means coin age, which means that the older the coin age, the easier it is to get answers. The calculation of the coin age is obtained by multiplying the coins owned by the miner by the remaining usage time of each coin, which also means that the more coins you have, the easier it is to get answers. In this way, pos solves the problem of wasting resources in pow, and miners cannot own 51% coins from the entire network, so it also solves the problem of 51% attacks.
-Representative applications: ETH, etc.
》DPoS
-Concept:
Delegated proof of stake. That is, currency holding investors select super nodes by voting to operate the entire network , similar to the people's congress system.
-Principle:
The DPOS algorithm is divided into two parts. Elect a group of block producers and schedule production.
Election: Only permanent nodes with the right to be elected can be elected, and ultimately only the top N witnesses can be elected. These N individuals must obtain more than 50% of the votes to be successfully elected. In addition, this list will be re-elected at regular intervals.
Scheduled production: Under normal circumstances, block producers take turns to generate a block every 3 seconds. Assuming that no producer misses his order, then the chain they produce is bound to be the longest chain. When a witness produces a block, a block needs to be generated every 2s. If the specified time is exceeded, the current witness will lose the right to produce and the right will be transferred to the next witness. Then the witness is not only unpaid, but also may lose his identity.
-Representative applications: EOS, etc.
》DPoW
-Concept:
Delayed proof of work. A new-generation consensus mechanism based on PoB and DPoS. Miners use their own computing power, through the hash algorithm, and finally prove their work, get the corresponding wood, wood is not tradable. After the wood has accumulated to a certain amount, you can go to the burning site to burn the wood. This can achieve a balance between computing power and mining rights.
-Principle:
In the DPoW-based blockchain, miners are no longer rewarded tokens, but "wood" that can be burned, burning wood. Miners use their own computing power, through the hash algorithm, and finally prove their work, get the corresponding wood, wood is not tradable. After the wood has accumulated to a certain amount, you can go to the burning site to burn the wood. Through a set of algorithms, people who burn more wood or BP or a group of BP can obtain the right to generate blocks in the next event segment, and get rewards (tokens) after successful block generation. Since more than one person may burn wood in a time period, the probability of producing blocks in the next time period is determined by the amount of wood burned by oneself. The more it is burned, the higher the probability of obtaining block rights in the next period.
Two node types: notary node and normal node.
The 64 notary nodes are elected by the stakeholders of the dPoW blockchain, and the notarized confirmed blocks can be added from the dPoW blockchain to the attached PoW blockchain. Once a block is added, the hash value of the block will be added to the Bitcoin transaction signed by 33 notary nodes, and a hash will be created to the dPow block record of the Bitcoin blockchain. This record has been notarized by most notary nodes in the network. In order to avoid wars on mining between notary nodes, and thereby reduce the efficiency of the network, Komodo designed a mining method that uses a polling mechanism. This method has two operating modes. In the "No Notary" (No Notary) mode, all network nodes can participate in mining, which is similar to the traditional PoW consensus mechanism. In the "Notaries Active" mode, network notaries use a significantly reduced network difficulty rate to mine. In the "Notary Public Activation" mode, each notary public is allowed to mine a block with its current difficulty, while other notary public nodes must use 10 times the difficulty of mining, and all normal nodes use 100 times the difficulty of the notary public node.
Figure 8 DPoW operation process without a notary node
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https://preview.redd.it/3yuzpemd4db51.png?width=500&format=png&auto=webp&s=f3bc2a1c97b13cb861414d3eb23a312b42ea6547
-Representative applications: CelesOS, Komodo, etc.
CelesOS Research Institute丨DPoW consensus mechanism-combustible mining and voting
》PBFT
-Concept:
Practical Byzantine fault tolerance algorithm. That is, the complexity of the algorithm is reduced from exponential to polynomial level, making the Byzantine fault-tolerant algorithm feasible in practical system applications.
-Principle:
Figure 9 PBFT algorithm principle
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https://preview.redd.it/8as7rgre4db51.png?width=567&format=png&auto=webp&s=372be730af428f991375146efedd5315926af1ca
First, the client sends a request to the master node to call the service operation, and then the master node broadcasts other copies of the request. All copies execute the request and send the result back to the client. The client needs to wait for f+1 different replica nodes to return the same result as the final result of the entire operation.
Two qualifications: 1. All nodes must be deterministic. That is to say, the results of the operation must be the same under the same conditions and parameters. 2. All nodes must start from the same status. Under these two limited qualifications, even if there are failed replica nodes, the PBFT algorithm agrees on the total order of execution of all non-failed replica nodes, thereby ensuring security.
-Representative applications: Tendermint Consensus, etc.
Next Lecture: Chapter 3 Common Consensus Mechanisms (Part 2) + Chapter 4 Consensus Mechanism Selection and Status Summary
CelesOS
As the first DPOW financial blockchain operating system, CelesOS adopts consensus mechanism 3.0 to break through the "impossible triangle", which can provide high TPS while also allowing for decentralization. Committed to creating a financial blockchain operating system that embraces supervision, providing services for financial institutions and the development of applications on the supervision chain, and formulating a role and consensus ecological supervision layer agreement for supervision.
The CelesOS team is dedicated to building a bridge between blockchain and regulatory agencies/financial industry. We believe that only blockchain technology that cooperates with regulators will have a real future. We believe in and contribute to achieving this goal.

📷Website
https://www.celesos.com/
📷 Telegram
https://t.me/celeschain
📷 Twitter
https://twitter.com/CelesChain
📷 Reddit
https://www.reddit.com/useCelesOS
📷 Medium
https://medium.com/@celesos
📷 Facebook
https://www.facebook.com/CelesOS1
📷 Youtube
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC1Xsd8wU957D-R8RQVZPfGA
submitted by CelesOS to u/CelesOS [link] [comments]

id2020

Hello,
This is a very important public service announcement concerning our future well being. I found this information very interesting and should be read by everyone. Please take the time to read it over:
We are approaching a future in which they will mandate us to have an RFID microchip implanted in our body. This microchip will contain all our personal information, and we will lose much more of our privacy because of the tracking capabilities.
Did you know this microchip matches perfectly with prophecy in the Bible? Please read on!
"He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.
Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666" (Revelation 13:16-18 NKJV).
Referring to the last days, this could only be speaking of a cashless money society, which we have yet to see, but are heading towards. Otherwise we could still buy or sell without the mark among others if physical money was still currency. This mark could not be spiritual, because the word references two different physical locations. If it was spiritual, it would just say in the forehead.
We can see throughout the history of society how we are being conditioned through the process of convenience. More specifically with how we make payments. We went from physical currency to credit and debit cards containing digital currency, to these cards having a microchip in them, to now being able to place your card near a device that will read its data. As well as self check-out lines in our market places and the cryptocurrency industry making a rapid climb in such form as bitcoin. These are all stepping stones for the powers that run this world to bring about their ultimate goal, that is to place a microchip in each and every one of us.
RFID microchip implant technology is on the rise and will be the future of a one world cashless money society.
Continue reading to see how it perfectly matches up with Biblical prophecy!
From a YouTube video titled, "Warning From Man Who Designed RFID Microchip"
Here are some notes from the video:
"Carl Sanders sat in seventeen New World Order meetings with heads-of-state officials such as Henry Kissinger and Bob Gates of the C.I.A. to discuss plans on how to bring about this one-world system. The government commissioned Carl Sanders to design a microchip for identifying and controlling the peoples of the world—a microchip that could be inserted under the skin with a hypodermic needle(a quick, convenient method that would be gradually accepted by society).
Carl Sanders, with a team of engineers behind him, with U.S. grant monies supplied by tax dollars, took on this project and designed a microchip that is powered by a lithium battery, rechargeable through the temperature changes in our skin. Without the knowledge of the Bible(Brother Sanders was not a Christian at the time), these engineers spent one-and-a-half-million dollars doing research on the best and most convenient place to have the microchip inserted.
Guess what? These researchers found that the forehead and the back of the hand(the two places Revelation says the mark will go) are not just the most convenient places, but are also the only viable places for rapid, consistent temperature changes in the skin to recharge the lithium battery. The microchip is approximately seven millimeters in length, .75 millimeters in diameter, about the size of a grain of rice. It is capable of storing pages upon pages of information about you. All your general history, work history, crime record, health history, and financial data can be stored on this chip.
Brother Sanders believes that this microchip, which he regretfully helped design, is the “mark” spoken about in Revelation 13:16–18. The original Greek word for “mark” is “charagma,” which means a “scratch or etching.” It is also interesting to note that the number 666 is actually a word in the original Greek. The word is “chi xi stigma,” with the last part, “stigma,” also meaning “to stick or prick.”"
Mr. Sanders asked a doctor what would happen if the lithium contained within the RFID microchip leaked into the body. The doctor replied by saying a terrible sore would appear in that spot. This is what the book of Revelation says: "And the first(Angel) went, and poured out his vial on the earth; and there fell a noisome and grievous sore on the men which had the mark of the beast, and on them which worshipped his image" (Revelation 16:2).
WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE BEAST, THE NUMBER OF ITS NAME? THE MYSTERY OF THE NUMBER 666 REVEALED?
What I first want to mention, before I share my thoughts on the number of the beast, is that God confirms in threes. We can see this throughout scripture: "For there are three that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one" (1 John 5:7 NKJV). "and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures" (1 Corinthians 15:4 NKJV). "...Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, Who was and is and is to come!" (Revelation 4:8 NKJV). There are many more examples, but I thought I would just share three of them to make the point.
Examining Revelation 13:16-18, the first group of three I would like to point out is that the mark of the beast is described in three separate verses, 16, 17 and 18. The next three I see is in verse 16, "He causes all..." is followed by three contrasting categories of people, "both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave...". Then unto verse 17, it opens with, "and that no one may buy or sell except one who has...", followed by three explanations of what one must have to buy or sell, "...the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name". Then in verse 18, we read "Let him who has understanding calculate...", which is followed by, "the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666". The last three I see is the number 6 being used three times in a row. The reason I'm making this point is because of the number 666, as you will read below.
"17: even that not any could buy or sell, except the one having the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of its name" (Literal Greek Translation).
Here we see the mark being identified as having the name of the beast, and that name being identified as being a number. We can know that these attributes being described in verse 17 are all in one thing because the Bible warns of us about receiving the mark, singular. It is clear in verse 17 that we cannot buy or sell without the mark(being previously identified as a microchip), but why cant we buy or sell without the name of the beast, or the number of its name? What does that have to do with us buying or selling if the number of the beast only applies to identifying the Antichrist, as the common thought has been? So we need the number of the beast to buy or sell. What does this mean?
"here the wisdom is, the one having the mind let him calculate the number of the wild beast, number for of human it is, and the number of it 666" (Revelation 13:8 Greek Translation).
"Here is wisdom. Let him that has understanding count the number of the beast: for the number of man; and its number is six hundred sixty-six" (Jubilee Bible 2000 translation).
"In this situation wisdom is needed. Let the person who has insight figure out the number of the beast, because it is a human number. The beast's number is 666" (GOD'S WORD translation).
The Greek word "anthrōpos" being used in verse 18 where it says "of human" is the Greek strongs concordance G444. The first two definitions of the word are "a human being, whether male or female", and, "generically, to include all human individuals". Could the number of the beast apply to all mankind? In the Greek, and other translations, you will notice the beast is described as an "it", instead of "him". The reason I'm making this point is because when a translation says "His number is 666", this would imply a singular person, the Antichrist. But by saying "the number of it 666", implies that it is of the beast system as a whole.
Throughout the years there have been people trying to calculate numbers based on titles and names that come up to the number 666 to identify one person. But from verse 18, I do not see where God is telling us to count up to 666, but rather to count the number of the beast. This number is identified as 666. So the verse is telling us to count the number 666.
What does it mean to count? It means to add up. So how could we add up 666? Remember my previous point about God confirming in threes. So logically, what would be the best way to count the number 666? To count it equally in threes based off the number. We cannot count it equally as 600+60+6, this would also bring us back to the start. We cannot count it as 600+600+600, or 60+60+60, because there are no zeroes in between or at the end of 666. The only option is 6+6+6=18. What is interesting is that the verse that reveals for us to count the number itself is verse 18, being the third verse out of three verses that describe the mark of the beast. What is 18 divided by 3? 6. So 3x6=18, or 6+6+6=18.
Another interesting point is the only two other combinations(making a total of three possible combinations) for placing a "+" symbol in between the 6's are 66+6=72, and 6+66=72. Adding 7+2 and 7+2 equals 18. Add both 72's together and you get 144. Why the number 144 is interesting is because the verse following Revelation 13:18 is the first time in the Bible where the 144,000 are being described in detail: "Then I looked, and behold, a Lamb standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one hundred and forty-four thousand, having His Father’s name written on their foreheads..." (Revelation 14:1).
Now if you add up all three numbers by counting 666 by moving the "+" symbol around, it would be 72+72+18=162. What is interesting about the number 162, is, if you divide 144,000 by 162, you get 888. The name of Jesus in Greek gematria adds up to 888. Revelation 14:1 not only mentions the 144,000, but also the Lamb who is Jesus.
Applying the same format that I used with calculating the number 666, in which I got the numbers 144 and 162, they also bring interesting results bringing us to the number 18:
• 14+4=18*
• 16+2=18*
• 1+4+4=(9), 1+6+2=(9), (9+9)=18*
• 1+44=(45), 1+62=(63), (4+5)=9, (6+3)=9, 9+9=18* | (45+63)=108, 10+8=18*
• 14+4=(18), 1+44=(45), (1+8)=9, (4+5)=9, 9+9=18* | (18+45)=[63] | 16+2=(18), 1+62=(63), (1+8)=9, (6+3)=9, 9+9=18* | (18+63)=[81] | [6+3]=9, [8+1]=9, 9+9=18* | [63+81]=144
• 1+4+4=(9), 14+4=(18), 1+44=(45), (9+18+45)=[72] (any two combinations of (9, 18, 45, and 72 will add to 18) | 1+6+2=(9), 16+2=(18), 1+62=(63), 9+18+63=[90] (any two combinations of (9, 18, 63, and 90 will get you 18*) | [7+2]=9, [9+0]=9, 9+9=18 | [72+90]=162
Now what is interesting about the number for Jesus, 888, is that if you apply this same formula, you get 8+8+8=24. Why the number 24? Revelation chapter 4 tells us there are 24 elders seated around the throne of God. This is the same throne where Jesus sits.
Now if you take 8+8+8=24, and 8+88=96, and 88+8=96, you get 24+96+96=216. Take 144,000 divided by 216 and you get 666. Remember that this was the same exact formula to get the number 162 out of counting 666 that brought about the number 888 when dividing 144,000 by 162. It is perpetual.
With using the same formula of counting by adding the "+" symbol in between the numbers, why do all these numbers relate in such a way?
Another interesting point to note is that if you add up all the numbers from 1 to 36, it totals 666. The number 36, as in three sixes? Could this be a hint that we should add up three sixes instead of perceiving the number as six-hundred sixty six?
So what could this mean? Well we know in this world we are identified by numbers in various forms. From our birth certificate to social security, as well as our drivers license, being identified based on a system of rulership. So it is possible that this RFID microchip will contain a new identification that has a total of 18 characters. Could this be the name of the beast, the number of its name? The beast system that is identified by 18 characters? This would fit scripture that speaks of a mark that we must have to buy or sell in our right hand or forehead, and that it also contains the number of the beast, during a future cashless money society.
Revelation 13:11-15 tells us that a false prophet will rise up deceiving many to take the mark of the beast because of the miracles he does before men. At all costs do not take it!
"Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation. He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb. And the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name" (Revelation 14:9-11).
Did you hear about the lady from a major media outlet who reported a major event occurring approximately 20 minutes before it actually happened?
It's time we know the truth.
A reporter from BBC reported the collapse of World Trade Center 7 on September 11th 2001 approximately 20 minutes before it actually fell!
Remember, WTC 7 did not get hit by anything, so there would be no reason to assume it would collapse. But she didn't report on assumption, but that it already did collapse!
What could this mean? The only logical explanation is that the power that orchestrated 9/11 is the same power that controls the major media outlets!
Don't believe me? Watch the broadcast yourself uploaded on YouTube titled: "BBC Reports 911, WTC 7 Collapse BEFORE it Happens"
It gets even worse...
Did you know there is other footage they don't want us to see twice? I'm speaking of footage on the day of September 11th 2001 during the time the planes hit both Trade Towers. Eye witness reports say the following concerning the planes:
• "No, it wasn't a commercial airliner" • "...but it didn't have any markings on it that I saw" • "no emblems, no logos" • "It definitely did not look like a commercial plane" • "I did not see any windows on the sides" • "It was a black plane, it looked like a fighter jet" • "It was black, it looks like a military plane" • "It was a military plane"
This video also shares testimonies from firefighters who share their experience being in the world trade towers as bombs were exploding(to weaken the structure of the buildings to cause the free fall collapse).
As a terrorist, how could you smuggle bombs into the trade towers with all of its security systems which includes bomb sniffing dogs? Also, if terrorists did plant the bombs, then why weren't we told about the bombs?!
You can watch a video of this on YouTube by titled: "9/11 - THE FOOTAGE THEY DIDN'T LET YOU SEE TWICE (9/11 2001 Documentary)"
What about the attack on the Pentagon? Was it really a plane that hit it, or something else, maybe a missle?
Why did the FBI go around and confiscate camera footage from the surrounding buildings not releasing them to the public when they clearly showed us the planes that hit the world trade towers?
Why was the only footage released to the public from one of the most heavily guarded buildings in the world low quality footage showing only five frames at about one frame per second?
The U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld admitted the day before the attack that the Pentagon was missing 2.3 trillion dollars. Could this attack on the Pentagon have anything to do with covering up that information?
So where am I going with all of this? What's the purpose of this major event that occurred on September 11th 2001? Why did we go to war with Afghanistan and Iraq?
David Rockefeller is quoted to be saying:
"Some even believe we are part of a secret cabal working against the best interests of the United States, characterizing my family and me as 'internationalists' and of conspiring with others around the world to build a more integrated global political and economic structure--one world, if you will. If that's the charge, I stand guilty, and I am proud of it.” ― David Rockefeller, Memoirs
Another video to watch is an infamous interview done with movie producer Aaron Russo titled, "Aaron Russo RFID Human Implant Chip"
Aaron Russo produced such movies as Mad as Hell, Trading Places, and America: Freedom to Fascism. He gained the attention of a man named Nick Rockefeller who saw the movie Made as Hell and knew Aaron was running for governor of Nevada. Knowing the impact Aaron was having on society, who being a freedom fighter standing for the constitution of the United States, Nick sought to befriend him to subtly recruit him into his secret society.
Aaron shares what Nick had told him:
"He's the one who told me 11 months before 9/11 ever happened that there was going to be an event. He never told me what the event was going to be...and out of that event we were going to invade Afghanistan to run pipelines from the Caspian Sea. We are going to invade Iraq to take over the oil fields to establish a base in the middle east, and make it all part of the New World Order..."
"I remember he was telling me how he was going to see soldiers looking in caves for people in Afghanistan and Pakistan and all these places. And there was going to be this war on terror, where this is no real enemy, and the whole thing is a giant hoax. But it is a way for the government to take over the American people..."
Aaron asked Nick, "What's the end goal? And he said the end goal is to get everyone chipped to control the whole society. To have the bankers, the elite people controlling the world..."
Visit https://www.biblefreedom.com to see all the proof! It is at the point where it takes more faith not to believe that the Bible truly is the word of God!
You will see proof for Noah's Ark, the Red Sea Crossing, Sodom and Gromorrah, scientific evidence the Bible is inspired by God, testimonies from all walks of life concerning Jesus, and much more!
"EITHER HUMAN INTELLIGENCE ULTIMATELY OWES ITS ORIGIN TO MINDLESS MATTER OR THERE IS A CREATOR..." - JOHN LENNOX
"We all know God exists. Why? Because without Him, we couldn't prove anything at all. Do we live our lives as if we cannot know anything? No. So why is God necessary? In order to know anything for certain, you would have to know everything, or have revelation from somebody who does. Who is capable of knowing everything? God. So to know anything, you would have to be God, or know God."
It has been calculated by Roger Penrose that the odds of the initial conditions for the big bang to produce the universe that we see to be a number so big that we could put a zero on every particle in the universe, and even that would not be enough to use every zero. What are the odds that God created the universe? Odds are no such thing. Who of you would gamble your life on one coin flip?
Earth resides in the darkest location within our galaxy and our galaxy within the darkest location in our universe making intelligent life possible. This allows us to observe all of the universe, from the cosmic beginning, all the way through. We are able to confirm that the Bible got it right from the start by saying, "In the beginning God created the heaven and earth..." (Genesis 1:1), and says our universe is expanding thousands of years before we discovered these things. In fact, the Bible makes 10 times more creation claims than all other major "holy" books combined with no contradictions, while these other books have errors in them. Astronomer(PhD) Hugh Ross, a best selling author, has lead many scientists to faith in Jesus showing how the book of nature and the Bible are allies rather than enemies.
1959, in Turkey was found a man-made ship buried and preserved underneath volcanic ash at the elevation of 6,500 feet. The Bible says Noah's Ark rested on the Mountains of Ararat after the flood waters receded. Not only was this ship found on the Mountains of Ararat, it is also the exact same length God told Noah to build the Ark; that is, 515 feet and 7 inches. Ron Wyatt, along with a team of scientists, lead the research of this artifact.
Thousands of archaeological discoveries throughout the years have confirmed the Bible to be true. From major events such as artifacts found across the bottom of the Red Sea confirming the Exodus account, to 98% pure sulfur balls rained down on the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, unlike any sulfur found on the earth; to further findings confirming the history of people, places and other events that occurred in the Bible. If the miracles in the Bible seem too farfetched, remember, the greatest miracle has already occured, the creation of the universe. Without God, miracles are absurd, "...but with God all things are possible" (Matthew 19:26).
Jesus fulfilled more than 300 Messianic prophecies concerning His birth place, details of His life, His mission, His nature, His death, and His resurrection. He came to pay a debt that we could not, to be our legal justifier to reconcile us back to a Holy God; only if we are willing to receive Him: "For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord" (Romans 6:23).
For God so loved the world that He gave us His only begotten son, so that whoever believes in Him, through faith, shall not perish, but have everlasting life. Jesus says if we wish to enter into life to keep the commands! The two greatest commands are to love God with all your heart, soul, strength, and mind; and your neighbor as yourself. All the law hang on these commands. We must be born of and lead by the Holy Spirit, to be called children of God, to inherit the kingdom. If we are willing to humble ourselves in prayer to Jesus, to confess and forsake our sins, He is willing to give the Holy Spirit to those who keep asking of Him; giving us a new heart, leading us into all truth!
Jesus came to free us from the bondage of sin. The everlasting fire was prepared for the devil and his angels due to disobedience to God's law. If we do the same, what makes us any different than the devil? Jesus says unless we repent, we shall perish. We must walk in the Spirit, producing fruits of love and forgiveness, so we may not fulfill the lusts of the flesh being hatred, fornication, drunkenness and the like. Whoever practices such things will not inherit the kingdom (Galatians 5:16-26). If we sin, we may come before Jesus to ask for forgiveness (1 John 2:1-2). Evil thoughts are not sins, but rather temptations. It is not until these thoughts conceive and give birth by our hearts desire that they become sin (James 1:12-15). When we sin, we become in the likeness of the devil's image, for he who sins is of the devil (1 John 3:8); but if we obey Jesus, in the image of God. For without holiness, we shall not see the Lord (Hebrews 12:14).
The oldest religion in the world is holiness (James 1:27). What religion did Adam and Eve follow before the fall? Jesus, Who became the last Adam, what religion does He follow? Is He not holy? He never told us to follow any man made religion, but to deny ourselves, take up our cross daily, and follow Him (Luke 9:23). There are many false doctrines being taught leading people astray. This is why we need the Holy Spirit for discernment. Unlike religion, holiness cannot be created. It is the eternal Spirit of God given to us from above. Jesus is more than a religion; He is about having a personal relationship with the Father. Start by reading the Gospel of Matthew, to hear the words of God, to know His character and commandments. Follow and obey Jesus, for He is the way, the truth, and the life! (John 14:6)
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[Part - 33] Large college ebooks/eTextbooks thread for cheap rates [$4 to $25]

  1. Experiencing MIS, 8th Edition: David M. Kroenke & Randall J. Boyle
  2. Mosby's Canadian Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests, 2nd Edition: Sandra A. Pike-MacDonald & Kathleen Deska Pagana & Timothy J. Pagana
  3. The Developing Child, 13th Edition: Helen Bee & Denise Boyd
  4. The Law of Health Care Finance and Regulation (Aspen Select), 4th Edition: Mark A. Hall & Nicholas Bagley & David Orentlicher
  5. The New Rules of Marketing and PR, 6th Edition: David Meerman Scott
  6. A Project Manager's Book of Tools and Techniques, 1st Edition: Cynthia Snyder Dionisio
  7. The Oxford Handbook of Eating Disorders, 2nd Edition: W. Stewart Agras & Athena Robinson
  8. Elementary Linear Algebra: Applications Version, 12th Australia and New Zealand Edition: Howard Anton & Chris Rorres & Anton Kaul
  9. The Mindful Nurse: Using the Power of Mindfulness and Compassion to Help You Thrive in Your Work: Carmel Sheridan
  10. High-Acuity Nursing, 7th Edition: Kathleen Wagner & Melanie Hardin-Pierce & Darlene Welsh
  11. Architectural Drafting and Design, 7th Edition: Alan Jefferis & David A. Madsen & David P. Madsen
  12. Social Psychology: The Science of Everyday Life, 2nd Edition: Jeff Greenberg & Toni Schmader & Jamie Arndt & Mark Landau
  13. A Project Manager's Book of Forms: A Companion to the PMBOK Guide, 3rd Edition: Cynthia Snyder Dionisio
  14. Race and Human Diversity: A Biocultural Approach, 2nd Edition: Robert L. Anemone
  15. Advocacy: Championing Ideas and Influencing Others, 1st Edition: John A. Daly
  16. Essential Genetics and Genomics, 7th Edition: Daniel L. Hartl
  17. Strategies for Teaching Students with Learning and Behavior Problems, 9th Edition: Sharon R. Vaughn & Candace S. Bos
  18. Zero Bone Loss Concepts, 1st Edition: Tomas Linkevicius
  19. Understanding Our Universe, 3rd Edition: Stacy Palen & Laura Kay & George Blumenthal
  20. Materials for Civil and Construction Engineers, 4th Edition: Michael S. Mamlouk & John P. Zaniewski
  21. The Oxford Handbook of Reproductive Ethics, 1st Edition: Leslie Francis
  22. Worldwide Destinations: The geography of travel and tourism, 7th Edition: Brian Boniface & Robyn Cooper & Chris Cooper
  23. Experiencing the Lifespan, 5th Edition: Janet Belsky
  24. Fast Facts for the Student Nurse: Nursing Student Success in a Nutshell, 1st Edition: Susan Stabler-Haas
  25. Multivariable Calculus, 8th Edition: James Stewart
  26. Sex and Gender: An Introduction, 6th Edition: Hilary M. Lips
  27. A Stata® Companion to Political Analysis, 4th Edition: Philip H. Pollock & Barry C. Edwards
  28. Marketing: The Core, 8th Edition: Roger Kerin & Steven Hartley
  29. Sports Marketing, 2nd Edition: Michael J. Fetchko & Donald P. Roy & Kenneth E. Clow
  30. An Introduction to Family Social Work, 4th Edition: Donald Collins & Catheleen Jordan & Heather Coleman
  31. Elementary Statistics, 3rd Edition: William Navidi & Barry Monk
  32. Clinical Calculations: With Applications to General and Specialty Areas, 8th Edition: Joyce LeFever Kee & Sally M. Marshall
  33. Animal Physiology, 4th Edition: Richard W. Hill & Gordon A. Wyse & Margaret Anderson
  34. Essentials of Rehabilitation Research: A Statistical Guide to Clinical Practice, 1st Edition: Richard P Di Fabio
  35. Religious Nationalism: A Reference Handbook: Atalia Omer & Jason Springs
  36. Defensive Security Handbook: Best Practices for Securing Infrastructure, 1st Edition: Lee Brotherston & Amanda Berlin
  37. Clinical Case Formulations, 2nd Edition: Barbara Lichner Ingram
  38. Urban Tantra: Sacred Sex for the Twenty-First Century, 2nd Edition: Barbara Carrellas & Annie Sprinkle
  39. Government and Not-for-Profit Accounting: Concepts and Practices, 8th Edition: Michael H. Granof & Saleha B. Khumawala & Thad D. Calabrese & Daniel L. Smith
  40. How to Do Systems Analysis: Primer and Casebook, 1st Edition: John E. Gibson & William T. Scherer & William F. Gibson
  41. U.S. Central Americans: Reconstructing Memories, Struggles, and Communities of Resistance, 1st Edition: Karina Oliva Alvarado & Alicia Ivonne Estrada & Ester E. Hernández
  42. Principles of Electronic Materials and Devices, 4th Edition: Safa Kasap
  43. LogixPro PLC Lab Manual w/ CD-ROM, 4th Edition: Frank Petruzella
  44. South-Western Federal Taxation 2020: Corporations, Partnerships, Estates and Trusts, 43rd Edition: William A. Raabe & James C. Young & William H. Hoffman
  45. Social Psychology: Goals in Interaction, 7th Edition: Douglas Kenrick & Steven L. Neuberg & Robert B. Cialdini
  46. Fundamentals of Corporate Finance, 10th Edition: Richard Brealey & Stewart Myers & Alan Marcus
  47. Molecular Biology, 3rd Edition: David P. Clark & Nanette J. Pazdernik & Michelle R. McGehee
  48. The Rorschach: Basic Foundations and Principles of Interpretation, Volume 1, 4th Edition: John E. Exner
  49. Docker in Action, 2nd Edition: Jeff Nickoloff & Stephen Kuenzli
  50. Evolution: Making Sense of Life, 3rd Edition: Douglas J. Emlen & Carl Zimmer
  51. Herpetology, 4th Edition: F. Harvey Pough & Robin M. Andrews & Martha L. Crump
  52. Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology, 1st Edition: Callie Marie Rennison & Timothy Christopher Hart
  53. The Meaning of Difference: American Constructions of Race, Sex and Gender, Social Class, Sexual Orientation, and Disability, 7th Edition: Karen Rosenblum
  54. Research Methods in Health Promotion, 2nd Edition: Laura F. Salazar & Richard A. Crosby & Ralph J. DiClemente
  55. The Psychology of Thinking: Reasoning, Decision-Making and Problem-Solving, 1st Edition: John P. Minda
  56. Nutrition Essentials: A Personal Approach, 2nd Edition: Wendy J Schiff
  57. Chemical, Biochemical, and Engineering Thermodynamics, 5th Edition: Stanley I. Sandler
  58. Parenting: A Dynamic Perspective, 2nd Edition: George W. Holden
  59. Managerial Accounting, 4th Edition: Karen W. Braun & Wendy M. Tietz
  60. Basics of Web Design: HTML5 & CSS, 5th Edition: Terry Felke-Morris
  61. The Essentials of Political Analysis, 6th Edition: Philip H. Pollock III & Barry C. Edwards
  62. Leadership and Management for Nurses: Core Competencies for Quality Care, 3rd Edition: Anita Finkelman
  63. Urban Ecology (Ecological Reviews), 1st Edition: Kevin J. Gaston
  64. Nutrition & You, 5th Edition: Joan Salge Blake
  65. Principles of Turbomachinery, 2nd Edition: Seppo A. Korpela
  66. Accounting For Managers: Interpreting Accounting Information for Decision–Making, 4th Edition: Paul M. Collier
  67. Computer Networks, 5th Edition: Andrew S. Tanenbaum & David J. Wetherall
  68. Shigley's Mechanical Engineering Design, 11th Edition: Richard Budynas & Keith Nisbett
  69. Sociology in Action: A Canadian Perspective, 2nd Edition: Diane Symbaluk & Tami Bereska
  70. Operations and Supply Chain Management: The Core, 5th Edition: F. Robert Jacobs & Richard Chase
  71. Essentials of Nursing Law and Ethics, 2nd Edition: Susan J. Westrick
  72. Kirk's Fire Investigation (Brady Fire), 8th Edition: David J. Icove & Gerald A. Haynes
  73. Understanding Operating Systems, 8th Edition: Ann McHoes & Ida M. Flynn
  74. Survey of Accounting, 1st Edition: Paul D. Kimmel & Jerry J. Weygandt
  75. Biological Anthropology: The Natural History of Humankind, 4th Edition: Craig Stanford & John S. Allen & Susan C. Antón
  76. DK Guide to Public Speaking, 3rd Edition: Lisa A. Ford-Brown & DK Dorling Kindersley
  77. Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions, 7th Edition: Ron Larson & Bruce H. Edwards
  78. Canadian Business and the Law, 7th Edition: Dorothy Duplessis & Shannon O'Byrne & Philip King & Lorrie Adams & Steve Enman
  79. An Introduction to Judaism, 2nd Edition: Nicholas De Lange
  80. A History of the Muslim World to 1750: The Making of a Civilization, 2nd Edition: Vernon O. Egger
  81. Bioprocess Engineering: Basic Concepts, 3rd Edition: Michael L. Shuler & Fikret Kargi & Matthew DeLisa
  82. Data Mining for Business Analytics: Concepts, Techniques, and Applications with JMP Pro, 1st Edition: Galit Shmueli & Peter C. Bruce & Mia L. Stephens & Nitin R. Patel
  83. Storied Health and Illness: Communicating Personal, Cultural, and Political Complexities, 1st Edition: Jill Yamasaki & Patricia Geist-Martin & Barbara F. Sharf
  84. Healthcare Strategic Planning, 4th Edition (ACHE Management): John Harris
  85. Applied Business Ethics: A Skills-Based Approach (South-Western Legal Studies in Business Academic), 1st Edition: Dean Bredeson
  86. Principles of Electric Circuits: Conventional Current Version, 10th Edition: Thomas L. Floyd & David M. Buchla
  87. Educational Psychology: Applications in Canadian Classrooms, 2nd Edition: Alan Edmunds & Gail Edmunds
  88. Essential Elements for Effectiveness for Miami Dade College, 7th Edition: Juan R. Abascal & Dominic Brucato & Laurel Brucato & Patricia Stephenson
  89. The Scholar-Practitioner’s Guide to Research Design: Laureate Publishing & Gary J. Burkholder & Kimberley A. Cox & Linda M. Crawford
  90. Good Cities, Better Lives: How Europe Discovered the Lost Art of Urbanism, 1st Edition: Peter Hall
  91. Adult Development and Aging: Biopsychosocial Perspectives, Canadian Edition: Susan Krauss Whitbourne & Stacey B. Whitbourne & Candace Konnert
  92. Organic Chemistry: Mechanistic Patterns: Ghis William Ogilvie & Nathan Ackroyd & Scott Browning
  93. The Environment in Anthropology : A Reader in Ecology, Culture, and Sustainable Living, 2nd Edition: Nora Haenn & Allison Harnish & Richard Wilk
  94. Sources of World Societies, Volume 1, 3rd Edition: Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks & Patricia Buckley Ebrey & Roger B. Beck
  95. Intermediate Algebra, 4th Edition: Michael III Sullivan & Katherine R. Struve
  96. Reference and Information Services: An Introduction, 4th Edition: Kay Ann Cassell & Uma Hiremath
  97. The Neuroscience of Human Relationships: Attachment and the Developing Social Brain, 2nd Edition: Louis Cozolino
  98. Qualitative Diagnosis of Human Movement: Improving Performance in Sport and Exercise, 3rd Edition: Duane V. Knudson
  99. Wireshark 101: Essential Skills for Network Analysis (Wireshark Solutions Series Book 1): Laura Chappell & Gerald Combs
  100. Behavioral Sciences STAT, 2nd Edition: Gary Heiman
  101. Guide to Contract Pricing: Cost and Price Analysis for Contractors, Subcontractors, and Government Agencies, 5th Edition: John E. Murphy
  102. Advanced Financial Accounting, 7th Canadian Edition: Thomas H. Beechy & V. Umashanker Trivedi & Kenneth E. MacAulay
  103. Contemporary Linguistic Analysis: An Introduction, 8th Edition: William O'Grady & John Archibald
  104. The Writer's Harbrace Handbook, 2016 MLA Update, 6th Edition: Cheryl Glenn & Loretta Gray
  105. The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography, 13th Edition: James M. Rubenstein
  106. Python Programming in Context, 3rd Edition: Bradley N. Miller & David L. Ranum & Julie Anderson
  107. Financial Institutions, Instruments and Markets, 9th Edition: Christopher Viney & Peter Phillips
  108. Essential Statistics for Public Managers and Policy Analysts, 4th Edition: Evan M. Berman & XiaoHu Wang
  109. NCLEX-RN Review Guide: Top Ten Questions for Quick Review, 1st Edition: Cynthia Chernecky
  110. Teachers and the Law, 9th Edition: David Schimmel & Leslie R. Stellman & Cynthia K. Conlon & Louis Fischer
  111. Communicating for Results: A Canadian Student's Guide, 4th Edition: Carolyn Meyer
  112. Federal Income Taxation, 5th Edition: Richard Schmalbeck & Lawrence Zelenak & Sarah B Lawsky
  113. Essentials of Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy, 4th Edition: Ellen Hillegass
  114. Entertainment Law and Business (Aspen Casebook Series): William D. Henslee & Elizabeth Henslee
  115. Your Career: How To Make It Happen, 9th Edition: Lauri Harwood & Lisa M.D. Owens & Crystal Kadakia
  116. Community Disability Services: An Evidence-Based Approach to Practice: Ian Dempsey & Karen Nankervis
  117. Motivational Interviewing, Third Edition: Helping People Change, 3rd Edition: William R. Miller & Stephen Rollnick
  118. Basics of Communication Studies, 2nd Edition: Scott McLean
  119. The Certified Six Sigma Yellow Belt Handbook: Govindarajan Ramu
  120. Fundamentals of General, Organic and Biological Chemistry in SI Units, 8th Edition: John E. McMurry & David S. Ballantine & Carl A. Hoeger & Virginia E. Peterson
  121. Pediatric Psychopharmacology For Primary Care, 1st Edition: Mark A Riddle & Jane Meschan Foy & Rebecca A. Baum
  122. Project Management for Engineering, Business and Technology, 5th Edition: John M. Nicholas & Herman Steyn
  123. Delivering Business Intelligence with Microsoft SQL Server 2016, 4th Edition: Brian Larson
  124. Connecting Care for Patients: Interdisciplinary Care Transitions and Collaboration, 1st Edition: Barbara Katz
  125. The TCP/IP Guide: A Comprehensive, Illustrated Internet Protocols Reference, 1st Edition: Charles M. Kozierok
  126. Frequently Prescribed Medications: Drugs You Need to Know, 3rd Edition: Michael A. Mancano & Jason C. Gallagher
  127. The Handmaid's Tale, 1st Edition: Margaret Atwood
  128. 101 Solutions for School Counselors and Leaders in Challenging Times, 1st Edition: Stuart F. Chen-Hayes & Erin Chase McCarty Mason & Melissa S. Ockerman
  129. Ethics in Accounting: A Decision-Making Approach, 1st Edition: Gordon Klein
  130. Visualizing Human Biology, 5th Edition: Kathleen A. Ireland
  131. The Goldilocks Challenge: Right-Fit Evidence for the Social Sector, 1st Edition: Mary Kay Gugerty & Dean Karlan
  132. Advocacy Practice for Social Justice, 4th Edition: Richard Hoefer
  133. The Politics of Public Budgeting: Getting and Spending, Borrowing and Balancing, 9th Edition: Irene S. Rubin
  134. The Ingredients for Great Teaching, 1st Edition: Pedro De Bruyckere
  135. A Guide to the Human Resource Body of Knowledge, 1st Edition: Sandra M. Reed & Dave Ulrich
  136. Individual and Society: Sociological Social Psychology, 2nd Edition: Lizabeth A. Crawford & Katherine B. Novak
  137. Great Demo!: How To Create And Execute Stunning Software Demonstrations, 2nd Edition: Peter E. Cohan
  138. Healthcare Project Management, 2nd Edition: Kathy Schwalbe & Dan Furlong
  139. Goodheart's Photoguide to Common Pediatric and Adult Skin Disorders, 4th Edition: Herbert Goodheart & Mercedes Gonzalez
  140. Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction, 10th Edition: William D. Callister & David G. Rethwisch
  141. Personality Assessment, 2nd Edition: Robert P. Archer
  142. Philosophy: The Power Of Ideas, 10th Edition: Brooke Noel Moore & Kenneth Bruder
  143. Cognitive Neuroscience: The Biology of the Mind, 5th Edition: Michael Gazzaniga & Richard B. Ivry & George R. Mangun
  144. Deviance, Conformity, and Social Control in Canada, 5th Edition: Tami M. Bereska
  145. Experimental Design: Procedures for the Behavioral Sciences, 4th Edition: Roger E. Kirk
  146. Urban Economics, 9th Edition: Arthur O'Sullivan
  147. HBR Guide to Making Every Meeting Matter: Harvard Business Review
  148. Movie History: A Survey, 2nd Edition: Clara Pafort-Overduin
  149. Marriages and Families: Intimacy, Diversity, and Strengths, 9th Edition: David Olson & John DeFrain & Linda Skogrand
  150. Group Dynamics, 7th Edition: Donelson R. Forsyth
  151. Understanding Canadian Business, 10th Canadian Edition: William G Nickels & James McHugh & Susan McHugh & Rita Cossa & Julie Stevens
  152. Fitzpatrick's Color Atlas and Synopsis of Clinical Dermatology, 8th Edition: Klaus Wolff & Richard C. Johnson & Arturo Saavedra & Ellen K. Roh
  153. General and Oral Pathology for Dental Hygiene Practice, 1st Edition: Sandra Myers & Alice Curran
  154. Practical Apartment Management, 6th Edition: Edward N. Kelley
  155. Business Law in Canada, 12th Canadian Edition: Richard A. Yates & Teresa Bereznicki-Korol & Trevor Clarke & Dean A. Palmer
  156. Adolescence, 12th Edition: Laurence Steinberg
  157. Delivering Health Care in America: A Systems Approach, 7th Edition: Leiyu Shi & Douglas A. Singh
  158. DeathQuest: An Introduction to the Theory and Practice of Capital Punishment in the United States, 5th Edition: Robert M. Bohm
  159. Management, 12th Edition: Richard L. Daft
  160. Invertebrate Medicine, 2nd Edition: Gregory A. Lewbart
  161. Tested Advertising Methods (Prentice Hall Business Classics), 5th Edition: John Caples & Fred E. Hahn
  162. Pearson's Federal Taxation 2020 Corporations, Partnerships, Estates & Trusts, 33rd Edition: Timothy J. Rupert & Kenneth E. Anderson & David S. Hulse
  163. Planetary Sciences, 2nd Edition: Imke de Pater & Jack J. Lissauer
  164. World Class Contracting, 6th Edition: Gregory A. Garrett
  165. Social Determinants of Health: A Comparative Approach, 2nd Edition: Alan Davidson
  166. The Talent Management Handbook, 3rd Edition: Lance A. Berger & Dorothy Berger
  167. Doing Right: A Practical Guide to Ethics for Medical Trainees and Physicians, 4th Edition: Philip C. Hebert & Wayne Rosen
  168. Governing California in the Twenty-First Century, 6th Edition: J. Theodore Anagnoson & Gerald Bonetto & J. Vincent Buck
  169. Microbiology with Diseases by Taxonomy, 6th Edition: Robert W. Bauman
  170. Essentials of TAT and Other Storytelling Assessments, 2nd Edition: Hedwig Teglasi
  171. Film History: An Introduction, 4th Edition: Kristin Thompson & David Bordwell
  172. Statistics for Business & Economics, 14th Edition: David R. Anderson & Dennis J. Sweeney & Thomas A. Williams
  173. 21st Century Astronomy: The Solar System, 6th Edition: Laura Kay & Stacy Palen & George Blumenthal
  174. Chemical Dependency Counseling: A Practical Guide, 5th Edition: Robert R. Perkinson
  175. Essential Cell Biology, 5th Edition: Bruce Alberts & Karen Hopkin & Alexander D. Johnson
  176. Exploring Geology, 4th Edition: Stephen Reynolds & Julia Johnson & Paul Morin & Chuck Carter
  177. The Price Advantage, 2nd Edition: Walter L. Baker & Michael V. Marn & Craig C. Zawada
  178. Transport Processes at Fluidic Interfaces, 1st Edition: Dieter Bothe & Arnold Reusken
  179. Antitrust Law, Policy, and Procedure: Cases, Materials, Problems, 8th Edition: E. Thomas Sullivan & Herbert Hovenkamp & Howard A. Shelanski & Christopher R. Leslie
  180. 5 Steps to a 5: AP Chinese Language and Culture, 2nd Edition: JianMin Luo
  181. The Practice of Research in Social Work, 4th Edition: Rafael J. Engel & Russell K. Schutt
  182. Sociology: A Global Perspective, 9th Edition: Joan Ferrante
  183. Understanding and Treating Chronic Shame: A Relational/Neurobiological Approach, 1st Edition: Patricia A. DeYoung
  184. Classics of Moral and Political Theory, 5th Edition: Michael L. Morgan
  185. Financial & Managerial Accounting, 15th Edition: Carl Warren & Jefferson P. Jones & William B. Tayler
  186. Experimental Organic Chemistry: A Miniscale and Microscale Approach, 5th Edition: John C. Gilbert & Stephen F. Martin
  187. Vaccine Whistleblower: Exposing Autism Research Fraud at the CDC: 1st Edition: Kevin Barry & Robert F. Kennedy
  188. Wound Management: Principles and Practices, 3rd Edition: Betsy Myers
  189. Business Research Methods, 13th Edition: Pamela Schindler
  190. Goldman-Cecil Medicine, 26th Edition: Lee Goldman & Andrew I. Schafer
  191. Nursing Leadership & Management, 3rd Edition: Patricia Kelly
  192. Health Communication: A Media and Cultural Studies Approach, 2014 Edition: Belinda Lewis
  193. Sport, Violence and Society, 2nd Edition: Kevin Young
  194. Guide to Managerial Communication, 10th Edition: Mary Munter & Lynn Hamilton
  195. Emotion, 1st Edition: Annett Schirmer
  196. Clinical Analytics and Data Management for the DNP, 1st Edition: Martha L. Sylvia
  197. Principles of Corporate Finance, 11th Edition: Richard Brealey
  198. Introduction to Strategic Public Relations: Digital, Global, and Socially Responsible Communication, 1st Edition: Janis Teruggi Page & Lawrence J. Parnell
  199. Alternative Medicine: The Definitive Guide, 2nd Edition: Larry Trivieri & John W. Anderson & Burton Goldberg
  200. How Full Is Your Bucket?, Anniversary Edition: Tom Rath & Donald O. Clifton
  201. MATLAB: A Practical Introduction to Programming and Problem Solving, 5th Edition: Stormy Attaway
  202. Anatomical Landmark Palpation Video and Book, 1st Edition: Paula Maxwell
  203. Common Stocks and Uncommon Profits and Other Writings, 2nd Edition: Philip A. Fisher & Kenneth L. Fisher
  204. Elements of Physical Chemistry, 7th Edition: Peter Atkins & Julio de Paula
  205. Managing and Using Information Systems: A Strategic Approach, 7th Edition: Keri E. Pearlson & Carol S. Saunders & Dennis F. Galletta
  206. Mediation: Empowerment in Conflict Management, 2nd Edition: Kathy Domenici & Stephen W. Littlejohn
  207. Observing and Recording the Behavior of Young Children, 6th Edition: Dorothy H. Cohen & Virginia Stern & Nancy Balaban & Nancy Gropper
  208. Shortell and Kaluzny’s Healthcare Management: Organization Design and Behavior, 7th Edition: Lawton Burns & Elizabeth Bradley & Bryan Weiner
  209. Practical Business Math Procedures, 13th Edition: Jeffrey Slater & Sharon Wittry
  210. Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton, 3rd Edition: M. Anne Katzenberg & Anne L. Grauer
  211. Developmental Mathematics: Basic Mathematics and Algebra, 4th Edition: Margaret L. Lial & John Hornsby & Terry McGinnis & Stanley A. Salzman & Diana L. Hestwood
  212. Exercises for the Shoulder to Hand: Release Your Kinetic Chain: Brian James Abelson & Kamali Thara Abelson & Lavanya Balasubramaniyam
  213. Career Theories and Models at Work: Ideas for Practice: Nancy Arthur & Roberta Neault & Mary McMahon
  214. Culture, Health and Illness, (Hodder Arnold Publication), 5th Edition: Cecil G. Helman
  215. Development Through Life: A Psychosocial Approach, 13th Edition: Barbara M. Newman & Philip R. Newman
  216. Cultural Anthropology in a Globalizing World, 4th Edition: Barbara Miller
  217. American Foreign Policy Since World War II, 21st Edition: Steven W. Hook & John W. Spanier
  218. World Politics: Trend and Transformation, 2016 - 2017, 16th Edition: Shannon L. Blanton & Charles W. Kegley
  219. Marketing Metaphoria: What Deep Metaphors Reveal About the Minds of Consumers: Gerald Zaltman & Lindsay H. Zaltman
  220. Building on the Strengths of Students with Special Needs: How to Move Beyond Disability Labels in the Classroom: Toby Karten
  221. American Public Administration: Public Service for the Twenty-First Century, 2nd Edition: Robert A. Cropf & John L. Wagner
  222. THINK Public Relations, 2nd Edition: Dennis L. Wilcox & Glen T. Cameron & Bryan H. Reber & Jae-Hwa Shin
  223. An Introduction to Brain and Behavior, 6th Edition: Bryan Kolb & Ian Q. Whishaw & G. Campbell Teskey
  224. Physiology, 6th Edition: Linda S. Costanzo
  225. Stats: Data and Models, 5th Edition: Richard D. De Veaux & Paul F. Velleman & David E. Bock
  226. Through Women's Eyes: An American History With Documents, 5th Edition: Ellen DuBois & Lynn Dumenil
  227. Intermediate Accounting: Volume 2, 3rd Edition: Kin Lo & George Fisher
  228. Disciplined Entrepreneurship: 24 Steps to a Successful Startup, 1st Edition: Bill Aulet
  229. People of the Earth: An Introduction to World Prehistory, 15th Edition: Brian M. Fagan & Nadia Durrani
  230. The Economics of Health Reconsidered, 4th Edition: Thomas Rice
  231. Psychology, 8th Edition: Saundra Hockenbury & Susan Nolan
  232. Exploring Biological Anthropology: The Essentials, 4th Edition: Craig Stanford & John S. Allen & Susan C. Antón
  233. Using MIS, 11th Edition: David M. Kroenke & Randall J. Boyle
  234. Musculoskeletal Pain: Basic Mechanisms & Implications, 1st Edition: Thomas Graven-Nielsen & Lars Arendt-Nielsen
  235. Classical Mythology in Context, 1st Edition: Lisa Maurizio
  236. The Nature and Properties of Soils, 15th Edition: Ray R. Weil & Nyle C. Brady
  237. Community-Based Corrections, 12th Edition: Leanne Fiftal Alarid
  238. Conflict Management for Managers: Resolving Workplace, Client, and Policy Disputes, 1st Edition: Susan S. Raines
  239. Strategic Compensation: A Human Resource Management Approach, 9th Edition: Joseph J. Martocchio
  240. Introduction to Probability and Statistics, 15th Edition: William Mendenhall & Robert J. Beaver & Barbara M. Beaver
  241. Demonstrating to Win!: The Indispensable Guide for Demonstrating Software: Robert Riefstahl
  242. Essential Organic Chemistry, 3rd Edition: Paula Yurkanis Bruice
  243. The American Promise, Value Edition, Volume 1: To 1877, 8th Edition: James L. Roark & Michael P. Johnson & Francois Furstenberg & Sarah Stage & Sarah E. Igo
  244. Labor Law: Cases, Materials, and Problems, 8th Edition: Michael C. Harper & Samuel Estreicher & Kati Griffith
  245. A Practical Guide to the Thematic Apperception Test: The TAT in Clinical Practice, 1st Edition: Edward Aronow & Kim Altman Weiss & Marvin Reznikoff
  246. Informatics and Nursing, 6th Edition: Jeanne Sewell
  247. Operating System Concepts, 10th Edition: Abraham Silberschatz & Greg Gagne & Peter B. Galvin
  248. The Career Fitness Program: Exercising Your Options, 11th Edition: Diane Sukiennik & Lisa Raufman
  249. Dutton's Orthopaedic: Examination, Evaluation and Intervention, 5th Edition: Mark Dutton
  250. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th Edition: American Psychological Association
  251. Sports Economics, 1st Edition: David Berri
  252. Health and Health Care Delivery in Canada, 2nd Edition: Valerie D. Thompson
  253. The Psychology Major's Handbook, 5th Edition: Tara L. Kuther
  254. Cardiovascular Physiology, 9th Edition: David E. Mohrman & Lois Jane Heller
  255. Fundamentals of Physical Geography, 2nd Edition: James Petersen & Dorothy Sack & Robert E. Gabler
  256. Advanced Health Assessment & Clinical Diagnosis in Primary Care, 6th Edition: Joyce E. Dains & Linda Ciofu Baumann & Pamela Scheibel
  257. An Introduction to the Ancient World, 3rd Edition: Lukas de Blois & R.J. van der Spek
  258. University Physics for the Physical and Life Sciences: Volume II, 1st Edition: Philip R. Kesten & David L. Tauck
  259. Cognitive Psychology, 7th Edition: Robert J. Sternberg & Karin Sternberg
  260. Contemporary Nursing: Issues, Trends, & Management, 8th Edition: Barbara Cherry & Susan R. Jacob
  261. How Psychology Works: The Facts Visually Explained, 1st Edition: Dorling Kindersley
  262. Cases in Health Care Marketing, 1st Edition: John L. Fortenberry
  263. Understanding Vineyard Soils, 2nd Edition: Robert E. White
  264. Foundations of Materials Science and Engineering, 6th Edition: William Smith
  265. Cultural Intimacy: Social Poetics and the Real Life of States, Societies, and Institutions, 3rd Edition: Michael Herzfeld
  266. Reading Sounds: Closed-Captioned Media and Popular Culture, 1st Edition: Sean Zdenek
  267. Behavioral Problems in Geography Revisited, 1st Edition: Kevin R Cox & Reginald Golledge
  268. The Economics of Recreation, Leisure and Tourism, 6th Edition: John Tribe
  269. HBR Guide to Persuasive Presentations: Nancy Duarte
  270. Give Me Liberty!: An American History, Volume 1, Seagull Sixth Edition: Eric Foner
  271. Yoder-Wise's Leading and Managing in Canadian Nursing, 2nd Edition: Janice Waddell & Nancy Walton
  272. Introduction to Econometrics, 4th Edition: James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson
  273. Statistical Physics, 2nd Edition: Franz Mandl
  274. Orthopedic Physical Assessment (Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation), 6th Edition: David J. Magee
  275. International Law for International Relations, 1st Edition: Basak Cali
  276. Omt Review: A Comprehensive Review in Osteopathic Medicine, 3rd Edition: Robert G. Savarese
  277. Health Research Methods: A Canadian Perspective: Kate Bassil
  278. IT Essentials Companion Guide v7, 1st Edition: Cisco Networking Academy
  279. Wright & Leahey's Nurses and Families: A Guide to Family Assessment and Intervention, 7th Edition: Zahra Shajani & Diana Snell
  280. The Power of Framing: Creating the Language of Leadership, 2nd Edition: Gail T. Fairhurst
  281. Agile Estimating and Planning (Robert C. Martin Series), 1st Edition: Mike Cohn
  282. Database Systems: The Complete Book, 2nd Edition: Hector Garcia-Molina & Jeffrey D. Ullman & Jennifer Widom
  283. Attacking Faulty Reasoning, 7th Edition: T. Edward Damer
  284. Biology: The Essentials, 3rd Edition: Mariëlle Hoefnagels
  285. Becoming a Professional Life Coach: Lessons from the Institute of Life Coach Training, 2nd Edition: Diane S. Menendez & Patrick Williams
  286. Essentials of Nursing Leadership & Management, 7th Edition: Sally A Weiss & Ruth M Tappen & Karen Grimley
  287. Rereading America: Cultural Contexts for Critical Thinking and Writing, 11th Edition: Gary Colombo & Robert Cullen & Bonnie Lisle
  288. The Business of Media Distribution: Monetizing Film, TV, and Video Content in an Online World, 3rd Edition: Jeffrey C. Ulin
  289. Macroeconomics: Canada in the Global Environment, 10th Edition: Robin Bade Michael Parkin
  290. Statistics in Action: Understanding a World of Data, 2nd Edition: Ann E. Watkins & Richard L. Scheaffer & George W. Cobb
  291. Clinical Handbook of Couple Therapy, 5th Edition: Alan S. Gurman & Jay L. Lebow & Douglas K. Snyder
  292. Occupational Safety and Health in the Emergency Services, 4th Edition: James S. Angle
  293. Racism without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in America, 5th Edition: Eduardo Bonilla-Silva
  294. Handbook for the Humanities, 1st Edition: Janetta Rebold Benton & Robert DiYanni
  295. A Comprehensive Guide to Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2nd Edition: Michael L. Wehmeyer & Ivan Brown & Maire Percy & W.L. Alan Fung & Karrie A. Shogren
  296. Shelly Cashman Series Microsoft Office 365 & Office 2016: Introductory, 1st Edition: Misty E. Vermaat & Steven M. Freund & Corinne Hoisington & Eric Schmieder & Mary Z. Last
  297. Pediatric Primary Care: Practice Guidelines for Nurses, 4th Edition: Beth Richardson
  298. Abnormal Psychology, 8th Edition: Susan Nolen-Hoeksema
  299. Assessment is Essential, 1st Edition: Susan Green & Robert Johnson
  300. Economics, 19th Edition: Paul Samuelson & William Nordhaus
  301. CompTIA Security+ Practice Tests: Exam SY0-501, 1st Edition: S. Russell Christy & Chuck Easttom
  302. Theory and Design for Mechanical Measurements, 6th Edition: Richard S. Figliola & Donald E. Beasley
  303. Looking at Philosophy: The Unbearable Heaviness of Philosophy Made Lighter, 5th Edition: Donald Palmer
  304. Marketing, 4th Canadian Edition: Dhruv Grewal & Michael Levy & Shirley Lichti
  305. Social Psychology of Emotion, 1st Edition: Darren Ellis
  306. Rainbow's End: The Crash of 1929 (Pivotal Moments in American History), 1st Edition: Maury Klein
  307. Your Office: Microsoft Access 2016 Comprehensive, 1st Edition: Amy S. Kinser & Brant Moriarity & Eric Kinser & Diane Kosharek
  308. Zero Trust Networks: Building Secure Systems in Untrusted Networks, 1st Edition: Evan Gilman & Doug Barth
  309. Investment Valuation: Tools and Techniques for Determining the Value of Any Asset, 3rd Edition: Aswath Damodaran
  310. Essentials of Accounting, 11th Edition: Leslie K. Breitner & Robert N. Anthony
  311. Essentials of Health Information Management: Principles and Practices, 2nd Edition: Michelle Green & Mary Jo Bowie
  312. Financial Accounting, 10th Edition: Robert Libby & Patricia Libby & Frank Hodge
  313. Clinical Psychology: Science, Practice, and Diversity, 5th Edition: Andrew M. Pomerantz
  314. An Introduction to American Law, 3rd Edition: Daniel Rosen & Bruce Aronson & David G. Litt
  315. The Intelligent Investor, Revised Edition: Benjamin Graham & Jason Zweig & Warren E. Buffett
  316. Introduction to Neuropsychopharmacology, 1st Edition: Leslie Iversen & Susan Iversen & Floyd E. Bloom & Robert H. Roth
  317. Study Guide for Pharmacology and the Nursing Process, 9th Edition: Linda Lane Lilley & Julie S. Snyder & Shelly Rainforth Collins
  318. Corporate Computer Security, 4th Edition: Randy J. Boyle & Raymond R. Panko
  319. Linear Algebra: A Modern Introduction, 4th Edition: David Poole
  320. The One-Hour Activist: The 15 Most Powerful Actions You Can Take to Fight for the Issues and Candidates You Care About, 1st Edition: Christopher Kush
  321. Likeable Social Media, Revised and Expanded, 2nd Edition: Dave Kerpen
  322. Essential MATLAB for Engineers and Scientists, 7th Edition: Brian Hahn & Daniel Valentine
  323. History and Systems of Psychology, 7th Edition: James F. Brennan & Keith A. Houde
  324. Pain-Related Fear:Exposure-Based Treatment of Chronic Pain: Exposure-Based Treatment, 1st Edition: Johan W. Vlaeyen & Stephen J. Morley & Steven J. Linton & Katja Boersma & Jeroen de Jong
  325. Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 12th Edition: Barbara Kuhn Timby & Nancy E. Smith
  326. Interviewing in Action in a Multicultural World, 5th Edition: Bianca Cody Murphy & Carolyn Dillon
  327. Business Law: Text & Cases, An Accelerated Course: 14th Edition: Roger LeRoy Miller
  328. The Ethics of Coaching Sports: Moral, Social and Legal Issues, 1st Edition: Robert Simon
  329. University Physics with Modern Physics, 15th Edition: Hugh D. Young & Roger A. Freedman
  330. The Heart of Yoga: Developing a Personal Practice, 2nd Edition: T. K. V. Desikachar
  331. Vertebrate Life, 10th Edition: F. Harvey Pough & Christine M. Janis
  332. Renewable Energy Resources, 3rd Edition: John Twidell & Tony Weir
  333. Neuroscience: Fundamentals for Rehabilitation, 5th Edition: Laurie Lundy-Ekman
  334. Advocacy in the Human Services, 1st Edition: Mark Ezell
  335. Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy: A Multicultural Perspective, 7th Edition: Allen E. Ivey & Michael J. D′Andrea & Mary Bradford Ivey
  336. Principles of Corporate Finance, 10th Edition: Brealey & Myers & Allen
  337. Introduction to Law for Paralegals: A Critical Thinking Approach, 7th Edition: Katherine A. Currier & Thomas E. Eimermann
  338. Leading in a Culture of Change Personal Action Guide and Workbook: Michael Fullan
  339. The Fast Forward MBA in Project Management, 4th Edition: Eric Verzuh
  340. Health Informatics: An Interprofessional Approach, 2nd Edition: Ramona Nelson & Nancy Staggers
  341. Lifespan Development in Context: A Topical Approach, 1st Edition: Tara L. Kuther
  342. Sport Mechanics for Coaches, 3rd Edition: Brendan Burkett
  343. The Elements of Journalism, Revised and Updated 3rd Edition: What Newspeople Should Know and the Public Should Expect: Bill Kovach & Tom Rosenstiel
  344. Hands-On Design Patterns with Java, 1st Edition: Edward Lavieri
  345. Laboratory Manual for Introductory Geology, 4th Edition: Allan Ludman & Stephen Marshak
  346. Absolute, Ultimate Guide to Principles of Biochemistry Study Guide and Solutions Manual, 7th Edition: David L. Nelson & Michael M. Cox
  347. Control Systems Engineering, 8th Edition: Norman S. Nise
  348. Crafting the InfoSec Playbook: Security Monitoring and Incident Response Master Plan, 1st Edition: Jeff Bollinger & Brandon Enright & Matthew Valites
  349. First Aid for the USMLE Step 2 CS, 6th Edition: Tao Le & Vikas Bhushan
  350. Android Programming Concepts, Pap/Psc Edition: Trish Cornez & Richard Cornez
  351. Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual, 12th Edition: James G. Cappuccino & Chad T. Welsh
submitted by TailExpert to CollegeTextbook [link] [comments]

[MILESTONE] Landau's Legacy - Part VI

Laboratory of Quantum Information Theory -

Московский Физико-Технический институт (Физтех)

Who are we?
What are the limits of knowledge?
As Sergey Filipov stared into the quantum computer’s entangled mess of wires and cables, coolant housing and lightly whirring fans he let the hum of the gargantuan machine take him to a daydream. Deep within the crevasses of his mind, among the folds of the grey matter, the synapses firing his memories entangled with his dreams: a future where the world’s knowledge was at hand. Calculations, instant. Think of the simulations. Think of the benefits to medical research, to maths, to education.
The quantum revolution will change the world in a way that hasn’t been seen since the transistor became small enough to create portable electronics. It will change the way wars are fought, the way science is done, the way lives are lived.
Filipov felt a tear roll down his cheek. They could not even comprehend the waves that their creations would make. He reviewed the dossier of notes presented to him. Progress was going at a breakneck pace, with the Bitcoin “heist” invigorating the researchers to push ahead. The sizes of the quantum computers were reduced by nearly 50%, still making them far too big for practical home use, but no longer requiring entire warehouses to house them. The power demand for the quantum computer was also reduced by 35% making them more and more practical as the science progressed onwards.
To Filipov, though, this was a religious experience. It was a change to the fundamental way that the world was done. The knowledge of an omnipresent mind. On the one hand, God, on the other, Quantum. A new future, where religion is faith and quantum is belief.
submitted by nikvelimirovic to GlobalPowers [link] [comments]

This Is What The Next Generation Internet Should Look Like

This Is What The Next Generation Internet Should Look Like

https://preview.redd.it/vmlqzhaijhz41.jpg?width=3000&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=fddbbddb1b4cbabfedca4bdb330177f4ea01418c
Before this thing called the Web was born, there was an era when the Internet was invented in the 1970s, at the peak of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. The United States had a central computer controlling its nuclear weapons. A single attack may paralyze the computer system, making it impossible for them to fight back. Therefore, the US government has established a decentralized system that allows many computers to be distributed throughout the country. If an attack occurs, the defense system will continue to operate to ensure that the two countries can destroy each other. For the Internet, this history is dark, but this is also the origin of decentralized thinking. Then, in 1990, Tim Berners-Lee created the Web. The Web is one of the earliest applications on the Internet. It enables people to obtain information more efficiently. However, it is a relatively specialized tool, mainly used by researchers and students. But then it soon changed. With the popularization of software tools, the Web has gradually entered the eyes of ordinary people.

Web Prototype
Browsers like Microsoft Internet Explorer brought the web to the public's perspective five years later. Everyone can start surfing the Internet. Although the web design was very bad at that time, the connection method was dial-up Internet access. It took a long time to download a photo, not to mention downloading a video. This is what the web prototype looks like
The beginning of the Web is decentralized to some extent, it is driven by the most common computers. There is a photo of Tim‘s computer with a sticker that says Do Not Shut Down, because this computer provides the Internet with power.
The beginning of the Web was open source, which means anyone can freely build on this basis, which enables the establishment and development of enterprises like Google and Amazon.
The web is initially read-only, people just read data from the network, and do not perform input operations on the network.

Classical Internet
All this changed around 2005. Youtube, Facebook, Twitter, and other new websites brought the current Web world, also known as the classical Internet.
This is the first time anyone can publish content online without the need to understand any computer technology that is too professional. Facebook, YouTube and Twitter are all ways for people to create their own web, which directly determines the result of today's large-scale popularization of the web.
Since then, people have begun to see problems with these new websites. Although they make our online life more convenient, they slowly build walled gardens on the open web. We started to deviate from the Web of most early vision. At the same time, computers that used to power the web have gradually evolved into centralized data centers that provide computing power on these platforms. Later, the development of smartphones has accelerated this phenomenon. We access the web through various portable devices to obtain and transmit a large amount of information. Unfortunately, quoting Tony Aube's previous evaluation of today's network, today's Web has collapsed. Now it is like a giant baby. It is already aging before it has experienced sufficient growth. Over the past decade, Internet-based services have tended to be centralized. As the network matures, we gradually tend to rely on a few companies. Google provides the fastest and most convenient search service, gaining 74% control of search traffic. Facebook built the largest social network and gained control of the online identity of 2.2 billion people. Although most people feel that they are enjoying various free Internet services, in fact, free things are often the most expensive. All these services are based on the possession and utilization of the most precious resources of the Internet, and that is data.
As early as when the network was first launched, it had no native way to deliver value. People are very cautious about using bank cards online. The best way to make money online is to provide free services and make money through advertising. In such a way that let individual users have been using the free service, and later to make more accurate advertising push, advertising services company gave birth to birth, they open the default web advertising business, while at the same time there are a variety of ad blocker After being born, advertising service providers will also use freely collected user information and network behavior information to conduct user analysis and push advertisements through improved inducement operations. Sometimes he does not hesitate to use false news and other means. The network environment has gradually become dirty, and the cost of obtaining effective information has been gradually increased by advertising.
The problem of advertising is only one of the manifestations of data occupation and utilization by centralized organizations. Many more serious problems are gradually revealed and gradually paid attention to, including user data loss, personal data leakage, user behavior data is monitored, and data over-censorship Problems, etc. Every day, every day is not performed in every corner of the world. The entire network world urgently needs a re-upgrade to solve the increasingly serious problem of centralized data.
Next Generation Internet (NGI)
The classical Internet was gradually formed after people discovered changes in the Web, as the ideas of the classical Internet spread, inevitable problems have arisen, what will Web3.0 look like. At that time, people had a lot of conjectures. People guessed that Web3.0 would be an artificial intelligence web or a virtual reality web. Although we think these are exciting technologies, we don't think they will redefine the web.
Last year, there was a large conference called NGI Summit. In the conference, just like the discussion of Web 2.0, the clear information obtained through the discussion of a large number of engineers and researchers is: NGI is to return to the decentralized network
In fact, with the emergence of these problems in today's Internet world, a series of seemingly unrelated technologies are also developing on the edge of the technology industry, such as cryptocurrency, blockchain, and distributed storage. NGI is more like a synonym for a better vision of the Internet in the future.
NGI is different from the previous generation of internet transformation. The core of NGI is not speeding, performance, or convenience. The actual on many NGI applications compared with today's applications, but also very slow, not convenient.
NGI is about ownership and control. It matters who controls the technology and our daily applications, and who owns the data and files generated on the network. It is breaking the momentum that has shaped the network for nearly a decade: the balance between convenience and ownership. We are used to this motivation and take everything for granted: using the network means being monitored, and using the social network means that we give personal data to the platform. How could there be other ways? But NGI refused to accept that it believed that people could benefit from the Internet, but there was no need to hand over data control to a few companies. The power is not above the iron law of the universe, it's just a product of the circumstances of technology, we are in the process to make a choice. NGI is a movement, which aims to build a different technology to make better choices. NGI is not trying to replace the network but to change the underlying architecture while keeping things we like—reform, not revolution. NGI is a set of technologies aimed at reconstructing Internet control rights. These include financial projects (crypto currencies), basic communication technologies (end-to-end encrypted information transfer), mass consumer scenarios (open social networks, p2p markets), and key Internet data file infrastructure (decentralized DNS and distributed storage). NGI should include any technology that is conducive to changing Internet centralization and allowing users to gain control of digital life. Currently, there are many solutions for decentralized computing power, but decentralized storage capacity is still not strong and perfect. Because only if it implements the calculation decentralized and storage decentralized, to truly achieve NGI vision of truly decentralized applications and services, and for user data to truly returned to the user by the user's control.
What should decentralized applications and services look like
In the NGI network, we should be able to create products and services that are not controlled by any company, but these products and services can still reach the level of centralized companies. Just like Bitcoin, these products are decentralized, although the degree of decentralization necessary for any product and the benefits it may bring will be very different.
For example, what might a decentralized video sharing platform look like, it would be similar to YouTube that allows users to share video content, comments, thumbs up, and so on. The platform encourages users to contribute through the built-in incentive mechanism. Users can not only “like” the video, but they can also make a small payment or charge a certain fee for the content creator through the copyright distribution control of the network protocol, without having to consider twists way to perform fan monetization. Even if it only costs a few cents for each like, it is still better than traditional centralized video platforms, because, on these platforms, the creator ’s revenue per million views is only a few thousand dollars, On the decentralized platform, there is no middleman's fee, users can directly use peer-to-peer transactions.
The core rules governing decentralized services are defined by open-source agreements. Users use the client of their choice to interact with the protocol. In other words, there will be various apps, but all are connected to the same video network. These clients can provide different functions, but all comply with the same sharing protocol, similar to email clients using the same initial standards. Developers do not need to apply for a license from any centralized organization. They can build their products without worrying about API access being blocked on a certain day. Because no company can turn it off. These are all benefits that a decentralized network has not yet fully recognized. Of course, the products and services created by centralized companies will still be used, but it will only prompt these companies to reduce the control of data and gradually return control to users. Early Internet companies promise " do not BE Evil" For Web3.0 who will have to ensure that the " CAN ' t BE Evil ".
What does it mean for users to control data?
Today, most user data are controlled by a centralized company, whether it is identity data, stored file data, or user behavior data.
In NGI, users will have maximum control over their data. First of all, users can completely use their own identities, rather than the identities provided by third parties, which limits the opportunities for various centralized providers to obtain user identity data. For example, one day you are not satisfied with the service of a chat app and want to switch to other social platforms, then all these data should be able to be taken directly by the user and migrated. You don't even need any help from any intermediate agency. Secondly, based on the construction of a decentralized storage network protocol, when you use social media, video media, rental housing, car rental, and other services, there will be no centralized data storage center to deposit your data and sell it. The reason why these companies collect user data is that these data have great value. In the NGI network, users will get the value of these data. If users want to sell their data, they will directly receive revenue instead of centralized companies. As people try to reform the ownership mechanism of data assets, the production and cooperation relations of the entire network will change substantially.
Currently, even with the existence of IPFS, a distributed storage protocol that has been developed for several years, the problem of decentralization of data has not been solved, and real commercial purposes cannot be achieved. Most Dapps are currently only decentralized services. So, when distributed storage can run on a large scale and stable, it may be when NGI can enter the public eye. It is also positive that DSP Lab (Distributed Storage Protocol Lab ) reasons for coming, it is the next generation of internet-based facilities will be file-based data encryption, distribution, storage, sharing some of the columns of the new generation of Internet paradigm to support from NGI Required distributed storage protocol.
Although NGI still has a lot of uncertainties, it also faces many problems that need to be solved. But NGI is still the most anticipated future. Blockchain technology is not an end in itself. They only have value if they solve the problem. NGI allows us to face and solve this problem again: The Internet has become too centralized, and it needs to be open.
NGI will not stop developing because of a certain technology development bottleneck or technical bottleneck. We can use the knowledge system used in the past years to continue to build these better and newer system versions.
NGI is not nothingness, nor utopia, nor can it escape from reality. The current internet also has various human problems. Politics, rights, and control have not disappeared due to the invention of the Internet. What can be determined in NGI is that it contains a design that restricts rights and controls. We have a second chance to build the Internet, but we may not have a third time, so let us take advantage of it and look forward to its arrival.

Find us:
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/DSP-Labs-110430797334480
Twitter: https://twitter.com/DSP\_Labs
Telegram: t.me/DSP_Official
Wechat: DSPLabs

https://preview.redd.it/kbd1u851lhz41.jpg?width=180&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=4f55c298868baee393384bc0c303862c4f539a7a
submitted by DSP-Lab to u/DSP-Lab [link] [comments]

100 things to do while the Destiny 2 servers are down:

  1. Clean your apartment
  2. Clean your neighbors apartment
  3. Make your apartment dirty and clean it again
  4. Clean your car
  5. Don't have a car? Buy one and clean it
  6. Clean your bicycle
  7. Invade Russia (but not during the winter)
  8. Read a Book
  9. Write a book
  10. Learn to read
  11. make a list
  12. procrastinate on said list
  13. realize you don't have a video game to play and go back to said list
  14. indulge in thinking about how lonely you are and how your life revolves around a video game
  15. play rock paper scissors in the mirror
  16. curse the gods for taking your game offline
  17. apologize to the gods because you didnt really mean it in case they are real
  18. do drugs
  19. realize that was not a smart idea
  20. sit around and wait for the drugs to wear off
  21. go shopping
  22. dont have money? get a job.
  23. quit your job
  24. Step into a war with the cabal on Mars
  25. realize that making lists really takes a lot of effort and you are putting way too much into this joke
  26. get yelled at by your boss for being on reddit (only if you didnt do number 23)
  27. look through a telescope at the moon
  28. open up a savings account
  29. If you're in America, bathe in student loan-debt
  30. get angry at the healthcare system too
  31. catch up on that season of a show you have been putting off
  32. call your dad and tell him you love him
  33. get angry when you realize he's still dissappointed in you even though you try really hard to love him
  34. Buy Destiny 1 (I lied, read a book again)
  35. realize there is way too much shit to do on Destiny 1 and have an anxiety attack (another lie, but feel free to have an anxiety attack anyway)
  36. Buy Anthem
  37. finish Anthem, you still have 10 hours left
  38. Leave Russia, as it is now Winter
  39. Watch Game of Thrones up until season 7
  40. Make breakfast
  41. make lunch
  42. make dinner
  43. have a thumb war with yourself
  44. help an elderly person cross the street
  45. play game of hide and go seek with your dreams and aspirations
  46. Start a fight club but dont tell anyone about it
  47. Hello there, General Kenobie
  48. Wow this list is long, um make a side list of you're favorite mount rushmore presidents

48a. Abe Lincoln
48b. Teddy Roosevelt
48c. G Dub
48d. T Jeff

  1. Quit procrastinating and get back to this list
  2. Have some alone time ;)
  3. Heavily invest in Bitcoin
  4. If you or a loved one you know has been diagnosed with Mesothelioma, contact your local attorney
  5. Check twitter
  6. realize twitter is a cesspool and close out of it
  7. Realize you have a call at 10:30am EST for your job and need to stop doing this list real quick.
  8. Watch CammyCakes, Aztecross (guys, seriously guys, you need to watch his video. they're nasty, just.. Nasty, fellas.) & Datto videos.
  9. Read Sun-Tzu's Art of War
  10. Learn some entirely true Destiny facts
  11. Kick shit in the face in real life, if that's all you ever wanted.
  12. Watch the Bungie Vidoc for Shadowkeep 24 times.
  13. Divide by the number 0.
  14. Get angry that this dude that was supposed to call me at 10:30am EST has yet to call me
  15. Watch the LOTR trilogy director's cut.
  16. Contemplate why Adam Sandler ever made Jack & Jill
  17. Die on the inside just a little more.
  18. Calculate all the different possibilities in the infinite forest because there is no such thing as infinity.
  19. Really think hard about 66
  20. Keep thinking about it.
  21. Nice.
  22. Write fan-fic for your favorite guardians.
  23. Be disgusted with yourself.
  24. Start thinking of random facts you can annoy your coworkers with.
  25. Quick, think of the first animal that comes to your mind that starts with a K
  26. continue to think about Kangaroos
  27. go on to zillow.com and find a bunch of expensive houses you can't afford
  28. give you pet a pep-talk
  29. give yourself a pep-talk
  30. Smile because you are alive and matter in this world and you bring joy to at least one person's life
  31. Stare at the clock until the servers are back up
  32. Fight climate change
  33. try and do dub-step music with just your mouth
  34. Think of every word that is onomatopoeia.
  35. research Oedipus Syndrome
  36. Do some arts and crafts
  37. Clean your room again
  38. Tap your fingers anxiously
  39. Ask yourself why you are still reading this list.
  40. Slide to the left
  41. Slide to the right.
  42. Freeze.
  43. Everybody clap your hands.
  44. (continue clapping)
  45. Learn a new language.
  46. Quit learning it once you learn the curse words cause that's all you wanted to know.
  47. Be honest with yourself.
  48. Browse through destinythegame new
  49. Look at a couple "Hey guys I haven't played since _______, what should I do" posts
  50. Gild a post if someone puts a lot of effort into it "wink" fucking "wink"
  51. have a lot of problems but a B**** aint one
  52. Now what?
  53. Exceed Expectations.
submitted by KentuckyBourbon94 to DestinyTheGame [link] [comments]

Bitcoin 11 Years - Achievements, Lies, and Bullshit Claims So Far - Tooootally NOT a SCAM !!!!

That's right folks, it's that time again for the annual review of how Bitcoin is going: all of those claims, predictions, promises .... how many have turned out to be true, and how many are completely bogus ???
Please post / link this on Bitcoin (I am banned there for speaking the truth, so I cannot do it) ... because it'a way past time those poor clueless mushrooms were exposed to the truth.
Anyway, without further ado, I give you the Bitcoin's Achievements, Lies, and Bullshit Claims So Far ...
.
Bitcoin Achievements so far:
  1. It has spawned a cesspool of scams (2000+ shit coin scams, plus 100's of other scams, frauds, cons).
  2. Many 1,000's of hacks, thefts, losses.
  3. Illegal Use Cases: illegal drugs, illegal weapons, tax fraud, money laundering, sex trafficking, child pornography, hit men / murder-for-hire, ransomware, blackmail, extortion, and various other kinds of fraud and illicit activity.
  4. Legal Use Cases: Steam Games, Reddit, Expedia, Stripe, Starbucks, 1000's of merchants, cryptocurrency conferences, Ummm ????? The few merchants who "accept Bitcoin" immediately convert it into FIAT after the sale, or require you to sell your coins to BitPay or Coinbase for real money, and will then take that money. Some of the few who actually accept bitcoin haven't seen a customer who needed to pay with bitcoin for the last six months, and their cashiers no longer know how to handle that.
  5. Contributing significantly to Global Warming.
  6. Wastes vasts amounts of electricity on useless, do nothing work.
  7. Exponentially raises electricity prices when big miners move into regions where electricity was cheap.
  8. It’s the first "currency" that is not self-sustainable. It operates at a net loss, and requires continuous outside capital to replace the capital removed by miners to pay their costs. It’s literally a "black hole currency."
  9. It created a new way for people living too far from Vegas to gamble all their life savings away.
  10. Spawned "blockchain technology", a powerful technique that lets incompetent programmers who know almost nothing about databases, finance, programming, or blockchain scam millions out of gullible VC investors, banks, and governments.
  11. Increased China's foreign trade balance by a couple billion dollars per year.
  12. Helped the FBI and other law enforcement agents easily track down hundreds of drug traffickers and drug users.
  13. Wasted thousands if not millions of man-hours of government employees and legislators, in mostly fruitless attempts to understand, legitimize, and regulate the "phenomenon", and to investigate and prosecute its scams.
  14. Rekindled the hopes of anarcho-capitalists and libertarians for a global economic collapse, that would finally bring forth their Mad Max "utopia".
  15. Added another character to Unicode (no, no, not the "poo" 💩 character ... that was my first guess as well 🤣)
  16. Provides an easy way for malware and ransomware criminals to ply their trade and extort hospitals, schools, local councils, businesses, utilities, as well as the general population.
.
Correct Predictions:
  1. 2015-12: "1,000 dollar in 2015", u/Luka_Magnotta, aka time traveler from the future, 31-Aug-2013, https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/1lfobc/i_am_a_timetraveler_from_the_future_here_to_beg/ (Technically, this prediction is WRONG because the highest price reached in 2015 was $495.56 according to CMC. Yes, Bitcoin reached $1,000 in 2013 and 2014, but that's NOT what the prediction says).
  2. 2017-12: "10,000 in 2017", u/Luka_Magnotta, aka time traveler from the future, 31-Aug-2013, https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/1lfobc/i_am_a_timetraveler_from_the_future_here_to_beg/
  3. 2018-04: $10,000 (by April 2018), Mike Novogratz, link #1: https://www.bitcoinprice.com/predictions/, link #2: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-11-21/mike-novogratz-says-bitcoin-will-end-the-year-at-10-000
  4. 2018-12: $10,000 (by 2018), Tim Draper, link #1: https://www.bitcoinprice.com/predictions/, link #2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3AW5s6QkRRY
  5. Any others ? (Please tell me).
.
Bitcoin Promises / Claims / Price Predictions that turned out to be lies and bullshit:
  1. ANONYMOUS
  2. CENSORSHIP RESISTANT
  3. FRICTIONLESS
  4. TRUSTLESS
  5. UNCENSORABLE
  6. UNTRACEABLE
  7. SAFE
  8. SECURE
  9. YOU CANNOT LOSE
  10. NOT A SCAM
  11. PERMISSIONLESS
  12. GUARANTEED PRIVACY
  13. CANNOT BE SEIZED
  14. CANNOT BE CONFISCATED
  15. Be your own bank
  16. Regulation-proof
  17. NO MIDDLEMEN
  18. DECENTRALIZED
  19. Instantaneous transactions
  20. Fast transactions
  21. Zero / No transaction fees
  22. Low transaction fees
  23. A store of value
  24. A deflationary digital asset
  25. "A deflationary digital asset that no single human being can destroy."
  26. "an asset that is equally as dual use as a car, water, or any other traditional element that has existed."
  27. "Digital gold"
  28. Easy to use
  29. Cannot be stolen
  30. Cannot be hacked
  31. Can be mined by anyone
  32. Can be mined by anyone, even with an old computer or laptop
  33. Cannot be centralized
  34. Will return power back to the people.
  35. Not a Ponzi scam
  36. Not a Pyramid scam
  37. Never pay tax again
  38. Your gains cannot be taxed
  39. A currency
  40. An amazing new class of asset
  41. An asset
  42. A means to economic freedom
  43. A store of value
  44. The best investment the word has ever seen
  45. A great investment
  46. Efficient
  47. Scalable
  48. Stable
  49. Resilient
  50. Reliable
  51. Low energy
  52. Low risk
  53. Redistribute wealth to everybody
  54. No more have's and have not's
  55. No more US and THEM
  56. No more disadvantaged people
  57. No more RICH and POOR
  58. No more poor people
  59. Uses amazing new technology
  60. Uses ingenious new technology
  61. Satishi Nakamoto invented ...
  62. Segwit will solve all of Bitcoin's woes
  63. Lightning Network will solve all of Bitcoin's woes
  64. Limited by scarcity
  65. Can only go up in value
  66. Price cannot crash
  67. Has intrinsic value
  68. Value will always be worth more than cost to mine
  69. Adoption by investors is increasing exponentially
  70. Adoption by investors is increasing
  71. Adoption by merchants is increasing exponentially
  72. Adoption by merchants is increasing
  73. You are secure if you keep your coins on an exchange
  74. You are secure if you keep your coins in a hardware wallet
  75. You are secure if you keep your coins in an air-gapped Linux PC
  76. Will change the world
  77. "the next phase in human evolution"
  78. "Blockchain is more encompassing than the internet"
  79. Blockchain can solve previously unsolvable problems.
  80. "The only regulation we need is the blockchain"
  81. "Bank the unbanked"
  82. "To abolish financial slavery and the state's toxic monopoly on money."
  83. "To have better tools in the fight against the state violence and taxation."
  84. "To stamp information on a blockchain forever so we can bypass state censorship, copyrights, patents(informational monopolies) etc."
  85. Will destroy / overthrow FIAT
  86. Will destroy / overthrow the world's governments
  87. Will destroy / overthrow the banking system
  88. Will destroy / overthrow the world economies
  89. Will free people from tyranny
  90. Will give people financial freedom
  91. Will bring world peace
  92. Never going below $19K again
  93. Never going below $18K again
  94. Never going below $17K again
  95. Never going below $16K again
  96. Never going below $15K again
  97. Never going below $14K again
  98. Never going below $13K again
  99. Never going below $12K again
  100. Never going below $11K again
  101. Never going below $10K again
  102. Never going below $9K again
  103. Never going below $8K again
  104. Never going below $7K again
  105. Never going below $6K again
  106. Never going below $5K again
  107. Never going below $4K again
  108. Is NOT a Scam
  109. Hashing Power secures the Bitcoin network
  110. Untraceable, private transactions
  111. Guaranteed privacy
  112. Not created out of thin air
  113. Not created out of thin air by unregulated, unbacked entities
  114. Totally NOT a scam
  115. Is not used primarily by crimonals, drug dealers, or money launderers.
  116. 100% secure
  117. 2010 will be the "Year of Crypto"
  118. 2011 will be the "Year of Crypto"
  119. 2012 will be the "Year of Crypto"
  120. 2013 will be the "Year of Crypto"
  121. 2014 will be the "Year of Crypto"
  122. 2015 will be the "Year of Crypto"
  123. 2016 will be the "Year of Crypto"
  124. 2017 will be the "Year of Crypto"
  125. 2018 will be the "Year of Crypto"
  126. 2019 will be the "Year of Crypto"
  127. 2010: MASS ADOPTION any day now"
  128. 2011: MASS ADOPTION aany day now"
  129. 2012: MASS ADOPTION aaany day now"
  130. 2013: MASS ADOPTION aaaany day now"
  131. 2014: MASS ADOPTION aaaaany day now"
  132. 2015: MASS ADOPTION aaaaaany day now"
  133. 2016: MASS ADOPTION aaaaaaany day now"
  134. 2017: MASS ADOPTION aaaaaaaany day now"
  135. 2018: MASS ADOPTION aaaaaaaaany day now"
  136. 2019: MASS ADOPTION aaaaaaaaany day now"
  137. "Financial Freedom, bro."
  138. no single entity, government or individual, can alter or reverse its transactions
  139. insurance against the tyranny of state
  140. Bitcoin has come to destroy all governments and bring about the libertarian utopia of my dreams.
  141. The major issues in Bicoin's network will be fixed. This is still early days, Bitcoin has only been around for 2+ years.
  142. The major issues in Bicoin's network will be fixed. This is still early days, Bitcoin has only been around for 5+ years.
  143. The major issues in Bicoin's network will be fixed. This is still early days, Bitcoin has only been around for 7+ years.
  144. The major issues in Bicoin's network will be fixed. This is still early days, Bitcoin has only been around for 9+ years.
  145. 1,000's of predictions of skyrocketing and/or never falling prices
  146. Escape the petty rivalries of warring powers and nation states by scattering control among the many. The Bitcoin Cash debacle proves that even the most cryptographically secure plans of mice and men often go awry. Ref: https://www.reddit.com/Buttcoin/comments/9zfhb6/like_theres_only_one_flaw_with_buttcoin_crash/ea8s11m
  147. People will NEVER be able to welch out of bets or deals again. Nov-2018, Ref: https://www.reddit.com/Buttcoin/comments/9zvpl2/the_guy_who_made_the_1000_bet_that_btc_wouldnt/
  148. "Everything will be better, faster, and cheaper.", Brock Pierce, EOS.io shill video.
  149. "Everything will be more connected.", Brock Pierce, EOS.io shill video.
  150. "Everything will be more trustworthy.", Brock Pierce, EOS.io shill video.
  151. "Everything will be more secure.", Brock Pierce, EOS.io shill video.
  152. "Everything that exists is no-longer going to exist in the way that it does today.", Brock Pierce, EOS.io shill video.
  153. "Everything in this world is about to get better.", Brock Pierce, EOS.io shill video.
  154. You are a slave to the bankers
  155. The bankers print money and then you pay for it
  156. Bitcoin is The Peoples Money
  157. Bitcoin will set you free
  158. Bitcoin will set you free from the slavery of the banks and the government Ref: https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/cd2q94/bitcoin_shall_set_you_free/
  159. ~~Bitcoin is "striking fear into the hearts of bankers, precisely because Bitcoin eliminates the need for banks. ~~, Mark Yusko, billionaire investor and Founder of Morgan Creek Capital, https://www.bitcoinprice.com/predictions/
  160. "When transactions are verified on a Blockchain, banks become obsolete.", Mark Yusko, billionaire investor and Founder of Morgan Creek Capital, https://www.bitcoinprice.com/predictions/
  161. SnapshillBot quotes from delusional morons:
  162. "A bitcoin miner in every device and in every hand."
  163. "All the indicators are pointing to a huge year and bigger than anything we have seen before."
  164. "Bitcoin is communism and democracy working hand in hand."
  165. "Bitcoin is freedom, and we will soon be free."
  166. "Bitcoin isn't calculated risk, you're right. It's downright and painfully obvious that it will consume global finance."
  167. "Bitcoin most disruptive technology of last 500 years"
  168. "Bitcoin: So easy, your grandma can use it!"
  169. "Creating a 4th Branch of Government - Bitcoin"
  170. "Future generations will cry laughing reading all the negativity and insanity vomited by these permabears."
  171. "Future us will thank us."
  172. "Give Bitcoin two years"
  173. "HODLING is more like being a dutiful guardian of the most powerful economic force this planet has ever seen and getting to have a say about how that force is unleashed."
  174. "Cut out the middleman"
  175. "full control of your own assets"
  176. "reduction in wealth gap"
  177. "no inflation"
  178. "cannot print money out of thin air"
  179. "Why that matters? Because blockchain not only cheaper for them, it'll be cheaper for you and everyone as well."
  180. "If you are in this to get rich in Fiat then no. But if you are in this to protect your wealth once the current monetary system collapse then you are protected and you'll be the new rich."
  181. "Theres the 1% and then theres the 99%. You want to be with the rest thats fine. Being different and brave is far more rewarding. No matter your background or education."
  182. "NO COINERS will believe anything they are fed by fake news and paid media."
  183. "I know that feeling (like people looking at you as in seeing a celebrity and then asking things they don't believe until their impressed)."
  184. "I literally walk round everyday looking at other people wondering why they even bother to live if they don't have Bitcoin in their lives."
  185. "I think bitcoin may very well be the best form of money we’ve ever seen in the history of civilization."
  186. "I think Bitcoin will do for mankind what the sun did for life on earth."
  187. "I think the constant scams and illegal activities only show the viability of bitcoin."
  188. "I think we're sitting on the verge of exponential interest in the currency."
  189. "I'm not using hyperbole when I say Satoshi found the elusive key to World Peace."
  190. "If Jesus ever comes back you know he's gonna be using Bitcoin"
  191. "If this idea was implemented with The Blockchain™, it would be completely flawless! Flawless I tell you!"
  192. "If you're the minimum wage guy type, now is a great time to skip food and go full ramadan in order to buy bitcoin instead."
  193. "In a world slipping more and more into chaos and uncertainty, Bitcoin seems to me like the last solid rock defeating all the attacks."
  194. "In this moment, I am euphoric. Not because of any filthy statist's blessing, but because I am enlightened by own intelligence."
  195. "Is Bitcoin at this point, with all the potential that opens up, the most undervalued asset ever?"
  196. "It won't be long until bitcoin is an everyday household term."
  197. "It's the USD that is volatile. Bitcoin is the real neutral currency."
  198. "Just like the early Internet!"
  199. "Just like the Trojan Horse of old, Bitcoin will reveal its full power and nature"
  200. "Ladies if your man doesnt have some bitcoin then he cant handle anything and has no danger sex appeal. He isnt edgy"
  201. "let me be the first to say if you dont have bitcoin you are a pussy and cant really purchase anything worldwide. You have no global reach"
  202. "My conclusion is that I see this a a very good thing for bitcoin and for users"
  203. "No one would do such a thing; it'd be against their self interests."
  204. "Ooh lala, good job on bashing Bitcoin. How to disrespect a great innovation."
  205. "Realistically I think Bitcoin will replace the dollar in the next 10-15 years."
  206. "Seperation of money and state -> states become obsolete -> world peace."
  207. "Some striking similarities between Bitcoin and God"
  208. "THANK YOU. Better for this child to be strangled in its crib as a true weapon for crypto-anarchists than for it to be wielded by toxic individuals who distort the technology and surrender it to government and corporate powers."
  209. "The Blockchain is more encompassing than the internet and is the next phase in human evolution. To avoid its significance is complete ignorance."
  210. "The bull run should begin any day now."
  211. "The free market doesn't permit fraud and theft."
  212. "The free market will clear away the bad actors."
  213. "The only regulation we need is the blockchain."
  214. "We are not your slaves! We are free bodies who will swallow you and puke you out in disgust. Welcome to liberty land or as that genius called it: Bitcoin."
  215. "We do not need the bankers for Satoshi is our saviour!"
  216. "We have never seen something so perfect"
  217. "We must bring freedom and crypto to the masses, to the common man who does not know how to fight for himself."
  218. "We verified that against the blockchain."
  219. "we will see a Rennaisnce over the next few decades, all thanks to Bitcoin."
  220. "Well, since 2006, there has been a infinite% increase in price, so..."
  221. "What doesn't kill cryptocurrency makes it stronger."
  222. "When Bitcoin awake in normally people (real people) ... you will have this result : No War. No Tax. No QE. No Bank."
  223. "When I see news that the price of bitcoin has tanked (and thus the market, more or less) I actually, for-real, have the gut reaction "oh that’s cool, I’ll be buying cheap this week". I never knew I could be so rational."
  224. "Where is your sense of adventure? Bitcoin is the future. Set aside your fears and leave easier at the doorstep."
  225. "Yes Bitcoin will cause the greatest redistribution of wealth this planet has ever seen. FACT from the future."
  226. "You are the true Bitcoin pioneers and with your help we have imprinted Bitcoin in the Canadian conscience."
  227. "You ever try LSD? Perhaps it would help you break free from the box of state-formed thinking you have limited yourself..."
  228. "Your phone or refrigerator might be on the blockchain one day."
  229. The banks can print money whenever they way, out of thin air, so why can't crypto do the same ???
  230. Central Banks can print money whenever they way, out of thin air, without any consequences or accounting, so why can't crypto do the same ???
  231. It's impossible to hide illegal, unsavory material on the blockchain
  232. It's impossible to hide child pornography on the blockchain
  233. Fungible
  234. All Bitccoins are the same, 100% identical, one Bitcoin cannot be distinguished from any other Bitcoin.
  235. The price of Bitcoin can only go up.
  236. "Bubbles are mathematically impossible in this new paradigm. So are corrections and all else", John McAfee, 7 Dec 2017 @ 5:09 PM,https://mobile.twitter.com/officialmcafee/status/938938539282190337
  237. Scarcity
  238. The price of Bitcoin can only go up because of scarcity / 21 million coin limit. (Bitcoin is open source, anyone can create thir own copy, and there are more than 2,000+ Bitcoin copies / clones out there already).
  239. immune to government regulation
  240. "a world-changing technology"
  241. "a long-term store of value, like gold or silver"
  242. "To Complex to Be Audited."
  243. "Old Auditing rules do not apply to Blockchain."
  244. "Old Auditing rules do not apply to Cryptocurrency."
  245. "Why Bitcoin has Value: SCARCITY.", PlanB, Coin Shill, 22-Mar-2019, https://medium.com/@100trillionUSD/modeling-bitcoins-value-with-scarcity-91fa0fc03e25
  246. "Bitcoin is the first scarce digital object the world has ever seen, it is scarce like silver & gold, and can be sent over the internet, radio, satellite etc.", PlanB, Coin Shill, 22-Mar-2019, https://medium.com/@100trillionUSD/modeling-bitcoins-value-with-scarcity-91fa0fc03e25
  247. "Surely this digital scarcity has value.", PlanB, Coin Shill, 22-Mar-2019, https://medium.com/@100trillionUSD/modeling-bitcoins-value-with-scarcity-91fa0fc03e25
  248. Bitcoin now at $16,600.00. Those of you in the old school who believe this is a bubble simply have not understood the new mathematics of the Blockchain, or you did not cared enough to try. Bubbles are mathematically impossible in this new paradigm. So are corrections and all else", John McAfee, 7 Dec 2017 @ 5:09 PM,https://mobile.twitter.com/officialmcafee/status/938938539282190337
  249. "May 2018 will be the last time we ever see $bitcoin under $10,000", Charlie Shrem, bitcoin advocate and convicted felon, 11:31 AM 3-May-2018, https://twitter.com/CharlieShrem/status/992109375555858433
  250. "Last dip ever.", AngeloBTC, 14 Oct 2018, https://mobile.twitter.com/AngeloBTC/status/1051710824388030464/photo/1
  251. "Bitcoin May Have Just Experienced its Final Shakeout Before a Big Rally", Joseph Young, coin shill, October 15, 2018 22:30 CET, https://www.ccn.com/bitcoin-may-have-just-experienced-its-final-shakeout-before-a-big-rally/
  252. Bitcoin would be a buy if the price fell under $5,000., Mohamed El-Erian, chief economic advisor at Allianz, 29-Jun-2018, https://www.ccn.com/bitcoin-a-buy-below-5000-says-allianz-chief-economic-adviso
  253. 2013-11-27: ""What is a Citadel?" you might wonder. Well, by the time Bitcoin became worth 1,000 dollar [27-Nov-2013], services began to emerge for the "Bitcoin rich" to protect themselves as well as their wealth. It started with expensive safes, then began to include bodyguards, and today, "earlies" (our term for early adapters), as well as those rich whose wealth survived the "transition" live in isolated gated cities called Citadels, where most work is automated. Most such Citadels are born out of the fortification used to protect places where Bitcoin mining machines are located. The company known as ASICminer to you is known to me as a city where Mr. Friedman rules as a king.", u/Luka_Magnotta, aka time traveler from the future, 31-Aug-2013, https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/1lfobc/i_am_a_timetraveler_from_the_future_here_to_beg/
  254. 2018-02: Bitcoin price to hit $27,000 by February 2018, Trace Mayer, host of the Bitcoin Knowledge Podcast, and self-proclaimed entrepreneur, investor, journalist, monetary scientist and ardent defender, Link #1: https://mobile.twitter.com/TraceMayestatus/917260836070154240/photo/1, Link #2: https://www.bitcoinprice.com/predictions/
  255. 2018-06: "Bitcoin will surpass $15,000 in June [2018]." John McAfee, May 25, 2018, https://bitcoinist.com/john-mcafee-says-bitcoin-will-surpass-15000-in-june/
  256. 2018-07: Bitcoin will be $28,000 by mid-2018, Ronnie Moas, Wall Street analyst and founder of Standpoint Research, http://helpfordream.com/2018/12/23/5-bitcoin-price-predictions-gone-wrong/.
  257. 2018-12: Bitcoin to reach a price of between 40,000 and 110,000 US dollars by the end of the 2017 bull run ... sometime before 2019, Masterluc, 26-May-2017, an anonymous "legendary" Bitcoin trader, Link #1: https://www.tradingview.com/chart/BTCUSD/YRZvdurN-The-target-of-current-bubble-lays-between-40k-and-110k/, Link #2: https://www.bitcoinprice.com/predictions/
  258. 2018-12: "There is no reason why we couldn’t see Bitcoin pushing $50,000 by December [2018]", Thomas Glucksmann, head of APAC business at Gatecoin, Link #1: https://www.bitcoinprice.com/predictions/
  259. 2018-12: Listen up you giggling cunts... who wants some?...you? you want some?...huh? Do ya? Here's the deal you fuckin Nerds - Butts are gonna be at 30 grand or more by next Christmas [2018] - If they aren't I will publicly administer an electronic dick sucking to every shill on this site and disappear forever - Until then, no more bans or shadow bans - Do we have a deal? If Butts are over 50 grand me and Lammy get to be mods. Deal? Your ole pal - "Skully" u/10GDeathBoner, 3-Feb-2018 https://www.reddit.com/Buttcoin/comments/7ut1ut/listen_up_you_giggling_cunts_who_wants_someyou/
  260. 2018-12: 1 bitcoin = 1 Lambo. Remind me on Christmas eve [2018] u/10GDeathBoner, 3-Feb-2018, https://www.reddit.com/Buttcoin/comments/7ut1ut/listen_up_you_giggling_cunts_who_wants_someyou/dtn2pna
  261. 2018-12: Been in BTC since 2014 and experienced many "deaths" of BTC... this too shall pass... $10k end of the year. [2018] u/Exxe2502, 30-Jun-2018 https://reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/8uur27/_/e1ioi5b/?context=1
  262. 2018-12: "Yale Alumni prediction - 30 Grand by Christmas [2018] - and you my friend... you will be the one eating Mcafee's dick in 2020. :) -:", u/SirNakamoto, 15-Jun-2018, https://www.reddit.com/Buttcoin/comments/8r0tyh/fdic_agrees_to_cover_bitcoin_losses_in_event_of/e0nzxq7
  263. 2018-12: "Impossible For Bitcoin Not to Hit $10,000 by This Year (2018)", Mike Novogratz, a former Goldman Sachs Group Inc. partner, ex-hedge fund manager of the Fortress Investment Group and a longstanding advocate of cryptocurrency, 22-Sep-2018, https://www.newsbtc.com/2018/09/22/billionaire-novogratz-impossible-for-bitcoin-not-to-hit-10000-by-this-yea
  264. 2018-12: "[Bitcoin] between $13,800 and $14,800 [by end of 2018]", Fundstrat's Tom Lee, 13-Dec-2018, https://www.cnbc.com/2018/12/13/wall-streets-bitcoin-bull-tom-lee-we-are-tired-of-people-asking-us-about-target-prices.html
  265. 2018-12: "Bitcoin is going to be $15k-$20k by the end of the year (2018)", Didi Taihuttu, 1-Nov-2018, https://www.wsj.com/video/series/moving-upstream/the-bitcoin-gamble/85E3A4A7-C777-4827-9A3F-B387F2AB7654
  266. 2018-12: 2018 bitcoin price prediction reduced to $15,000 [was $25,000], Fundstrat's Tom Lee, 16-Nov-2018, https://www.cnbc.com/2018/11/16/wall-streets-crypto-bull-tom-lee-slashes-year-end-forecast-by-10000.html
  267. 2018-12: "I want to be clear, bitcoin is going to $25,000 by year end (2018)", Fundstrat's Tom Lee, 5-Jul-2018, https://www.cnbc.com/video/2018/07/05/tom-lee-i-want-to-be-clear-bitcoin-is-going-to-25000-by-year-end.html
  268. 2018-12: "Bitcoin could be at $40,000 by the end of 2018, it really easily could", Mike Novogratz, a former Goldman Sachs Group Inc. partner, ex-hedge fund manager of the Fortress Investment Group and a longstanding advocate of cryptocurrency, 21-Sep-2018, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6lC1anDg2KU
  269. 2018-12: "Bitcoin will be priced around $50,000 by the end of the year (2018)", Bitcoin bull Arthur Hayes, co-founder and CEO of BitMEX, 29-Jun-2018, https://www.cnbc.com/2018/06/29/bitcoin-will-reach-50000-in-2018-says-founder-of-bitcoin-exchange.html
  270. 2018-12: "Bitcoin could definitely see $50,000 in 2018", Jeet Singh, cryptocurrency portfolio manager, speaking in January 2018 at the World Economic Forum in Davos, https://www.dcforecasts.com/new-prediction-says-bitcoin-hit-50000-2018/
  271. 2018-12: "Bitcoin will hit $100,000 this year (2018)", Kay Van-Petersen, an analyst at Saxo Bank, 17-Jan-2018, https://www.cnbc.com/2018/01/16/bitcoin-headed-to-100000-in-2018-analyst-who-forecast-2017-price-move.html
  272. 2018-12: "Bitcoin price to surpass the $100,000 mark by the end of 2018", Tone Vays, 21-Sep-2017, https://www.ccn.com/prominent-bitcoin-trader-price-is-heading-towards-100000-in-2018/
  273. 2018-12: "Bitcoin’s Price Will Surpass the $100,000 Mark by the End of 2018", Anonymous ("author" obviously too embarrassed to put his name to such bullshit "articles"), Oct-2018, https://investingpr.com/bitcoin-price-predictions-for-2018/
  274. 2018-12: "Our [2018] year-end bitcoin target is $7700.", James Stefurak, Founder at Monarch Research. See article: "Experts Forecast Bitcoin will rise by 2019", REF: https://hackernoon.com/experts-forecast-bitcoin-will-rise-by-2019-f4af8807036b?gi=dfea3c30d6d8
  275. 2018-12: "... we’ll see the price rally reaching its all-time of high of around $20K before the end of 2018", Khaled Khorshid, Co-Founder at Treon ICO. See article: "Experts Forecast Bitcoin will rise by 2019", REF: https://hackernoon.com/experts-forecast-bitcoin-will-rise-by-2019-f4af8807036b?gi=dfea3c30d6d8
  276. 2018-12: Bitcoin will end 2018 at the price point of $50,000, Ran Neuner, host of CNBC’s show Cryptotrader and the 28th most influential Blockchain insider according to Richtopia,https://www.bitcoinprice.com/predictions/
  277. Plus a whole host of wrong 2019 predictions (could not be included here because of post character limit issues), so please see my earlier post from 4 days ago: Ummm, remember those "Expert" Bitcoin Price Predictions for 2019 ..... ohhhhh dear ....., https://www.reddit.com/Buttcoin/comments/eiqhq3/ummm_remember_those_expert_bitcoin_price/
.
But it's NOT all bad news, some claims and promises are yet to be determined:
  1. Never going below $3K again
  2. Never going below $2K again
  3. Never going below $1K again
  4. Any others ? Please let me know.
submitted by Crypto_To_The_Core to Buttcoin [link] [comments]

Infinite Hope

Infinite.
What is with these people and their love for the word "Infinite"? (See also, "unlimited", "limitless", "boundless" and "eternal"). They can't seem to get enough of describing aspects of this practice, and the members themselves, as "infinite". But people aren't infinite. We're finite, and mortal, and very limited in our capacities.
What gives, freaky cult?
So then I spent literally three minutes on the math part of YouTube, and learned something about the concept of "infinity". Did you know that it comes in at least two varieties: "countable" and "uncountable"?
From what I remember, the difference is: "Countable infinity" is a never-ending list of actual numbers, also known as "natural" numbers, such that you could theoretically count your way to any one of them. Whereas "Uncountable infinity" is infinity in the other direction: to the infinitely divisible. Between any two defined numbers there are infinite others: you can always add to the decimal place, at any place. That's infinity too, but in a way that can't be counted... because you could never figure out what the numbers are in the first place.
One concept of infinity stretches out into the distance, while the other one infinitely subdivides into something smaller. Both infinite... but not in the same way.
I think the version of infinity being used by the propagandists over at Sniffing Glue-dism magazine would have to be the second kind, right? The kind that subdivides into infinity? Human capacity could never be "infinite" in the countable sense, in terms of days or dollars or output, but that second type, that uncountable type... a religion could wax wooingly about that one all day, and it would never mean a thing.
You could go around saying that space itself is infinite, or that each moment of consciousness is infinitely subdivisible, and you wouldn't be wrong, but you wouldn't be provably right, either. You could say that there are three thousand "realms" contained within each moment of consciousness, and what would it matter? Is there a practical difference between that many and 2,999? Is this information of any use to a physicist? Does it even sound smart? No, to all three. It sounds like a throwback to more primitive times, like how the ancient Chinese used the number "ten thousand" as their standard way of saying "a countless many".
Remember, infinity isn't a number... It's more like the space within which all the numbers can exist. It's a term for what lies outside the realm of understanding, and in math it's what you get when the calculations break down. It means "error", "paradox", "does not compute".
But our concern here is not to grapple with the concept of Infinity per sé. No. Once again this story is about a funny group of propagandists with a looong track record of using language as a weapon, as a tool for confusion. Not only do they have no interest in explaining how they're using a term, but they have no interest in you having a concept of it yourself Your confusion, muddleheadedness, the glossy look you get when your brain runs low on glucose... that's their currency. They want you in the mushiest of middles.
A word like "infinite" is key to their deceptive ways because it sounds deep, it indicates paradox, and it also has a range of different meanings, which makes it easy to fling around like a pile of monkey shit, without having to commit to any particular train of thought. It checks all the boxes.
Oh, look! The recent cover of the World Tribune: "One Youth, Infinite Hope. 6,000 in 2020".
Six thousand new members, eh? What a depressing little goal. (What happened, did no one survive the war of 50k?) And how very finite. Funny how, if one person is so infinitely valuable, they still require 6,000 of them for work in the salt mines.
"One person awakening to their Buddhahood can change the world— introducing the SGI-USA’s new, hope-filled focus."
So they're basically recruiting the Messiah?
"This is a call to action from the youth of America."
Written by three people who look a little too old to be playing high school students.
(And I'm not saying that these three are stuck in the world of delusion or anything, but the one in the middle is literally named Maya. Draw your own conclusion.)
"It is a cry from the depths of our beings to call forth and raise a new generation of peacemakers who have both the philosophy and means to transform our country from the inside out."
They've invested in Bitcoin?
"This year, 2020, marks the 60th anniversary of SGI President Ikeda’s first visit to America, his launching point for the worldwide spread of Nichiren Buddhism."
Oh, is that what that smell is?
"In 1990, he cited the book The Cycles of American History by Dr. Arthur M. Schlesinger, who discusses the theory that America returns to its founding ideals every 30 years."
BAH GAWD, everyone! They're about to drop some knowledge on us!!
"This was evident in the 1930s and 1960s, with President Roosevelt’s New Deal and the American Civil Rights Movement. Furthermore, the 1990s marked a monumental shift in the SGI-USA’s history, in which we returned to the foundations of faith, the Gohonzon, Nichiren Daishonin’s writings and President Ikeda as our eternal mentor of kosen-rufu."
WHOOOOA!!! What a lesson!! Every thirty years... shit happens! It happened back in 1990. It happened back in 1960. And yes, 1930 was a thing too! 2020 is DESTINED to be another year of shit happening! I can feel it in my bones!!
In fact, without 2020 happening, there couldn't even be a 2021! This year is the most important year that is currently happening! It may be finite in length, but it's completely infinite in terms of how important it is!! Just like YOOOOU, gentle reader! You may be finite in every way that matters, but you at least have an uncountable amount of hope. What does this mean? We don't know, because this religion has all the emotional complexity of a soda commercial.
"Now, 30 years later, the youth of America are resolved to create another tangible shift. How so? By welcoming 6,000 young people to the SGI-USA this year."
Infinity plus six thousand?
"These future leaders of justice and peace will be the antidote to our country’s turmoil—from gun violence and climate catastrophe to anxiety, suicide and the opioid crisis."
Theeese warriors of the tangible arts... they will be unleashed upon the population, not unlike bioweapons in the war for human revolution, to set about the work of completely eliminating guns, drugs, suicide, and the climate itself. Be afraid! Be very very happy! Most of all, be infinite...
"We may sometimes feel powerless as a single individual to effect change in the world."
But please, don't let reality stand in your way...
"Our Buddhist practice, however, teaches us that “one is the mother of ten thousand”
See? Ten thousand.
"Everything starts from one inspired person, determined to make a difference."
True, but then would it also be fair to say that the vast majority of plans end in the mind of that same person? See, I'm more of a glass-infinitely-empty kind of Icchantika.
"When all the members of the SGI-USA stand up with the resolve to help one youth rise up with this same mission and awareness, we will undoubtedly create a tidal wave of hope throughout our country and the world."
Woo-hoo! Being religious hoo-has will surely change the world!! Nobody's tried that one yet!
And can we talk about phrasing? When it's not a war we're emulating, it has to be a devastating natural disaster such a tidal wave? You'd think the Japanese people would have had enough of both by now! Chill the fuck out already.
"The one youth we introduce will not only gain infinite hope in their own lives but will also be the source of infinite hope for their families, communities and society."
An indeterminate amount of hope, yes...
"We have a responsibility for the sake of humanity to stand up in this significant year. Let’s not be bystanders of history. Let’s be active participants by giving infinite hope to one young person."
Well, gee, that sounds all sorts of wrong... Do we all have to share the same person?
"This year, we are resolved to break through our own limitations, saturate our communities with the seeds of the Mystic Law..."
Ewwwww...
"...and nourish them through heartfelt dialogues and friendships, with one youth after another."
Ugh!!!
"What greater way is there for us to express our appreciation to our mentor in this 60th year of worldwide kosen-rufu?! Will you join us?"
I don't know. This all sounds a little too messy for my liking. I also can't decide if you guys are hippies or fascists, or just plain old energy vampires, and it sort of freaks me out.
Could I have infinite time to mull it over?
Thanks! Text you...uh...never.
submitted by ToweringIsle13 to sgiwhistleblowers [link] [comments]

Price/Reward vs. Cost per Bitcoin Transaction

I am able to roughly calculate the total income per year for miners (mostly paid in new minted BTC or in the future mostly paid in transaction fees) per transaction - which is volatile and dependent on the price of BTC, and also the total cost of operations to be a miner (electricity bills, network costs, hardware costs)... but I am only able to do this with hindsight, meaning if I looked at total miner rewards over the past 12 months and divided that with total cost of operations over the past 12 months I'd see that there are times when it's not profitable to mine because the miner's fixed costs would exceed any reward, especially when Bitcoin prices are low.
But let's put aside profits for now and look at fixed costs. Bitcoin has an upper limit to the number of transactions it can process per second, so if we understand that cost (not price or fee) per transaction is XX dollars being spent on computing and networking power per year divided by YY transactions per year, we'll see that it lands at about $40-50 per transaction. Then considering there is an upper limit to the transaction speeds achievable by Bitcoin, and the fixed nature of operating costs, this cost per transaction seems to remain rather constant at this range even when Bitcoin is at its theoretical maximum transaction speed.
But here is where I faced difficulty, when coming back to the price side of the equation. In scenarios where the price of Bitcoin is low and mining becomes unprofitable, does the reduction in total number of miners who drop out reduce the remaining miner's operating cost? Or does it just mean that the spoils of war is now divided amongst less miners, hence they become profitable again? In this case wouldn't the miners with lowest operating cost always be the one who is the last to drop out, ie. large low-cost mining farms in China?
Also, when transaction fees become the primary source of income for miners, and we know the cost per transaction is about $40-50 based on past year data, then how do we reduce transaction costs so that it's appealing and competitive in the market? Miners incurring operating costs of $50 per transaction would still be profitable if they charged a $51 transaction fee, but they would be bleeding losses if they only collected $10 per transaction. How would that work? What are the levers that can be pulled in Bitcoin that can help ensure it'll always remain a viable enterprise for a distributed group of people to continue processing transactions? If the lever is predominantly number of miners hoping to earn transaction fees, then what number is the breakeven point for all miners?
I'm sure there are plenty of experts who have pondered and probably published PhD papers on this topic, so I'd be forever indebted if you could help me clear this up, and I do apologize in advance for not being able to crack this one on my own.
Thanks a million!
PS: For total operating costs I included estimated electricity costs, which came to about USD$5 billion per year.
submitted by chiewbakca to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

⟳ 870 apps added, 78 updated at f-droid.org

Notice: this update is spurious, and the issue is being looked at.
⟳ f-droid.org from Wed, 26 Feb 2020 20:21:50 GMT updated on Sun, 01 Mar 2020 05:23:29 GMT contains 2962 apps.
Added (870)
Updated (78)
2020-03-01T05:53:18Z
submitted by BrainstormBot to FDroidUpdates [link] [comments]

Bitcoin is the new gold - Countryballs Join my Calculator stream, powered by BOOYAH! - YouTube How does attack bar works + speed/turn calculator! LGR Tech Tales - The Pocket Calculator Wars The Calculator Wars: A video history of Japan's electronic industry (Part 3)

In the Pentagon war game, young people born between the mid-1990s and early 2010s use cyber attacks to steal money and convert it to bitcoin, documents published by investigative news site The The war nickel calculator will only show you what the silver in your wartime nickels is worth (intrinsic value), and will not indicate any numismatic (collector) or base metal value. Use the war nickel calculator to compute how much the silver in your war nickels is worth, or to set a max bid on a war nickel auction based on its silver content Bitcoin is up on the news of the US air strike on Iran. Credit: ADVFN. This is a very interesting chart because it shows the global professionals reacting to the news much faster than the private Find out what your expected return is depending on your hash rate and electricity cost. Find out if it's profitable to mine Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, DASH or Monero. Do you think you've got what it takes to join the tough world of cryptocurrency mining? Accurate Bitcoin mining calculator trusted by millions of cryptocurrency miners. Updated in 2020, the newest version of the Bitcoin profit calculator makes it simple and easy to quickly calculate mining profitability for your Bitcoin mining hardware.

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Bitcoin is the new gold - Countryballs

🔴LIVE Cardano Summit 2020 Charles Hoskinson Opening Keynote: Shelley Edition Charles Hoskinson [Cardano CEO] 27,651 watching Live now Sweden is mining PC for some Bitcoin. Poland is confused in the mean time. Thank you ??? for a great idea _____ COMMENT _____ Poland: Hey Sweden what are you doing? Sweden: America told me about ... 20.000 cables under the sea (Documentary about the huge fibre optic cables that connect us, 2010) - Duration: 43:13. wocomoDOCS 558,723 views Summoner's War Guild Battles 0 Spd Verdehile?! Super Fun Attack bar Boosting Team! - Duration: 20:29. Doctor Pollenz 14,440 views New, updates, calculations, theories about Bitcoin and Alt Coins with open livestream discussions.

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